North Carolina Architects and Builders - A Biographical Dictionary

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Bain, William Carter (1839-1920)

William Carter Bain (January 8, 1839- July 8, 1920) was a prolific and adaptable contractor who epitomized the energetic entrepreneurship of the post-Civil War well into the 20th century. Bain began as a small-town artisan, served in the Confederate army, and became a regional builder and manufacturer. Adapting successfully to changing times during a...

Hayden, Wheeler, and Schwend (1899-1900)

The architectural firm was formed in 1899 in Charlotte when Oliver Duke Wheeler and Luke Hayden of Hayden and Wheeler took Louis E. Schwend as partner. Schwend died in November 1900. This was one of a series of partnerships formed by Wheeler. For the firm's operation and selected building list, see the entries for...

Hicks, William J. (1827-1911)

William J. Hicks (February 18, 1827-January 14, 1911), millwright, builder, contractor, architect, and prison warden, began his career in the 1850s and became a prominent figure in North Carolina construction after the Civil War. He epitomized the practical, ambitious, and adaptable men who made their way in the unsettled times after the war. Hicks was...

Hook, Charles Christian (1870-1938)

One of the first leaders in the state's early 20th century architectural profession, Charles Christian Hook (February 18, 1870 - September 17, 1938) moved to Charlotte as a young man in 1890 and practiced in the "Queen City" for the rest of his long career. He was Charlotte's first fulltime professional architect, and one...

Schwend, Louis E. (1875-1900)

Louis E. Schwend (1875-Nov. 24, 1900) was an architect from Ohio who was briefly a member of the prolific architectural firm of Hayden, Wheeler, and Schwend. Although his career was brief, he is noteworthy for having planned the 1899 Iredell County Courthouse, which formed the popular prototype for a series of similar courthouse designs...

Sirrine, Joseph Emory (1872-1947)

Joseph Emory Sirrine (December 9, 1872-1947) was a Greenville, South Carolina, industrial architect and engineer who in 1921 established J. E. Sirrine and Company, a large firm of national reputation. He and his firm worked extensively in North Carolina, planning and building textile mills and other facilities during the state's dramatic early 20th century...

Stillwell, Erle G. (1885-1978)

Erle G. (Gulick) Stillwell (August 29, 1885-October 22, 1978) was a prolific architect who spent his long career in his adopted community of Hendersonville, North Carolina. With an extensive practice in western North Carolina and other locales, he planned buildings of myriad styles and types—including Tudor revival, rustic, and Georgian Revival residences; neoclassical public...

Wheeler, Oliver Duke (1864-1942)

Oliver Duke Wheeler (May 21, 1864-October 27, 1942), was an architect who with his sequence of partners and associates—Luke Hayden, Louis E. Schwend, James M. McMichael, Neil Runge, D. Anderson Dickey, and others—had a long career in North Carolina and one of the state's most prolific practices of the day. Headquartered in Charlotte from...

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