North Carolina Architects and Builders - A Biographical Dictionary

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Bonitz, Henry E. (1872-1921)

Variant Name(s):
  • H. E. Bonitz;
  • Henry Bonitz;
  • Henry Emil Bonitz
Birthplace: Goldsboro, North Carolina, USA
Residences:
  • Wilmington, North Carolina
Trades:
  • Architect
NC Work Locations:
  • Southport, Brunswick County
  • Brunswick
  • Kannapolis, Cabarrus County
  • Cabarrus
  • Morehead City, Carteret County
  • Carteret
  • Hickory, Catawba County
  • Catawba
  • Whiteville, Columbus County
  • Columbus
  • New Bern, Craven County
  • Craven
  • Lexington, Davidson County
  • Davidson
  • Greensboro, Guilford County
  • Guilford
  • Lillington, Harnett County
  • Harnett
  • Raeford, Hoke County
  • Hoke
  • Mooresville, Iredell County
  • Iredell
  • Clayton, Johnston County
  • Johnston
  • Sanford, Lee County
  • Lee
  • Lincolnton, Lincoln County
  • Lincoln
  • Aberdeen, Moore County
  • Moore
  • Spring Hope, Nash County
  • Nash
  • Carolina Beach, New Hanover County
  • New Hanover
  • Wilmington, New Hanover County
  • New Hanover
  • Wrightsville Beach, New Hanover County
  • New Hanover
  • Jacksonville, Onslow County
  • Onslow
  • Burgaw, Pender County
  • Pender
  • Greenville, Pitt County
  • Pitt
  • Greenville, Pitt County
  • Pitt
  • Ellerbe, Richmond County
  • Richmond
  • Hamlet, Richmond County
  • Richmond
  • Rockingham, Richmond County
  • Richmond
  • Lumberton, Robeson County
  • Robeson
  • Maxton, Robeson County
  • Robeson
  • Red Springs, Robeson County
  • Robeson
  • Laurinburg, Scotland County
  • Scotland
  • Albemarle, Stanly County
  • Stanly
  • Raleigh, Wake County
  • Wake
  • Littleton, Warren County
  • Warren
  • Goldsboro, Wayne County
  • Wayne
  • Mount Olive, Wayne County
  • Wayne
Building Types:
  • Commercial;
  • Educational;
  • Fraternal;
  • Health Care;
  • Industrial;
  • Institutional;
  • Public;
  • Recreational;
  • Religious;
  • Residential;
  • Transportation

Henry E. Bonitz Office [Wilmington]

View larger image and credits

Henry E. Bonitz Office [Wilmington]

Biography

Henry Emil Bonitz (1872-1921), born in Goldsboro, North Carolina, of German parentage, established an extraordinarily prolific practice as an architect in Wilmington, with scores of projects in the port city and its environs, and many more in other towns and counties in North Carolina.

Henry Bonitz was a son of John Henry William Bonitz and Marie (Mary) Elise Stegner Bonitz. John, a native of Hannover, Germany, had immigrated to the United States about 1855 with his two brothers Henry and Julius. John worked briefly in Baltimore and then in Washington DC before moving to Goldsboro in 1859. In 1862 he married Marie Stegner (1845-1921), whose family he had met on board ship to America. He went into business in Goldsboro and was joined by his brother Julius, with whom he owned the Goldsboro newspaper, the Messenger. In 1886 or 1887 the Bonitz family moved to Wilmington, a city with an established German community, where they published the local Messenger for a time and operated the Bonitz Hotel at 2nd and Market Streets. (The hotel had been built as the Carolina Hotel in the 1840s by brothers Robert B. Wood and John C. Wood [see Wood Brothers].)

In Wilmington, young Henry Bonitz attended Tileston School before enrolling in 1889 at the newly established College of Agriculture and Mechanic Arts (present North Carolina State University) in Raleigh. In 1892, Bonitz "stood first in Mechanical Engineering," and in 1893 he graduated in the first class of the college with the degree of bachelor of engineering.

After graduation, as noted in his obituary, Bonitz worked for a year and a half with the leading Wilmington architect-builder James F. Post (1818-1899) before inaugurating his own practice. From Post, Bonitz gained practical knowledge of the building industry as well as a greater understanding of the city of Wilmington. The first notice of Bonitz's independent practice was an advertisement in the Wilmington newspaper in September 1894. He took a post-graduate course in Philadelphia in 1895.

Bonitz's career was developing at the time when architectural professionalism was on the ascendancy in Wilmington and in the state. He was soon competing with other architects such as Charles McMillen, Burrett Stephens and Joseph F. Leitner. In the early 20th century, as noted by his grandson, John H. Bonitz, Jr., Henry Bonitz became one of the first licensed architects in North Carolina. His license certificate, dated July 16, 1915, was #46 as listed in the official registration book of the North Carolina Board of Architecture; he was among the early group of men who were licensed in the state based on their having been in professional practice prior to the licensing act of 1915.

Throughout his life, Bonitz's German heritage served him well in encouraging a large patronage among German-descended clients, and his membership in St. Paul's Lutheran Church opened doors for projects undertaken for the prosperous German communities in Wilmington and other towns in North and South Carolina. Especially notable are his many commissions for Lutheran and Reformed churches. When he married Kate C. Burnett at St. Andrew's Presbyterian Church in 1898, he gained access to another large denomination of clients. The Bonitzes had four children: John Henry William, born October 19, 1898; Katherine Marie, born August 31, 1901; Marjorie, born June 24, 1905; and Katherine (Kathie), born June 22, 1913.

Bonitz had offices in several locations in Wilmington, beginning in the family's Bonitz Hotel. From 1902 to 1905 he had his practice in the Chamber of Commerce building and then in the IOOF Building. From 1906 until his death, however, Bonitz had his office in his own building, the Henry E. Bonitz Office at 213 Princess Street, which features his insignia on the façade. His residential pattern followed a similar track, from living in the family hotel for the first seven years of his practice, then residing for two years at 213 N. 5th Avenue before moving into the house he remodeled for his family at 711 N. 7th Street.

Like most architects of his time, Bonitz developed his stylistic approach over the years. His first known independent work, the Woolvin-Warren House (1895, reflected the Italianate style favored by his first employer, James F. Post, in such features as the canopy porch and bracketed cornice, but it also incorporated elements of the coming Queen Anne style, including bands of colored glass surrounding the large plate glass windows and a spindled porch treatment.

Most of Bonitz's 19th century residences display the Queen Anne style individualized by certain hallmarks, including a distinctive arrangement of small windows at the stair landings, and windows of varied shapes—square, rectangular, lozenge, circular, semicircular, and elliptical—some edged with colored glass. Around the turn of the 20th century, Bonitz like other architects shifted from the Queen Anne mode to a Neoclassical vocabulary, and by 1905 his houses typically displayed classical details. His 20th century commercial buildings often featured arched upper story windows and façades divided by classical pilasters, and he sometimes used cast iron pilasters at the street level to accentuate façades such as the J.H. Strauss Store (1914) in Wilmington. In his numerous church designs, he employed both Romanesque and Gothic Revival elements, typically rendered in strongly three-dimensional fashion with robust corbelling, buttresses, and towers. His Lutheran churches shared in the denomination's propensity for red brick with vividly contrasting white accents emphasizing the bold forms.

For his masonry buildings, Bonitz employed brick from various suppliers. He was secretary-treasurer of Wilmington's Hydraulic White Brick Company in 1901, and he used the company's brick in 1902 for the Bank of Whiteville, and again in 1906 for the Monroe and Co. Furniture Store and the George R. French and Sons Store in Wilmington. A few years later, he used Borden brick, manufactured in his native Goldsboro, in the C.D. Maffitt Building (1912) in Wilmington and other works.

Because Bonitz's family owned Wilmington's newspaper, the Messenger, until 1908, the architect gained frequent publicity in the newspaper's pages and thus generated an unusually full record of the buildings he designed. The Messenger reported chiefly on buildings that were actually built, but also mentioned designs that were only proposed. An example of the latter was the Masonic Temple on Front Street, for which Bonitz and Post both submitted designs, but the commission went to Charles McMillen, an architect from Minnesota who specialized in Masonic buildings.

Bonitz was active in professional and civic affairs throughout his career. He served as secretary of the North Carolina Institute of Architects in 1899; a member of the executive committee of the Southeast Architectural League in 1900; president of the Wilmington area's chapter of the Agriculture and Mechanic Association (alumni of present NCSU) in 1914; grand secretary of the Knights of Pythias; and grand regent of the Royal Arcanum of North Carolina. He was secretary-treasurer of the Wilmington Stone and Construction Company and vice-president of the Wrightsville Beach and Suburban Development Company in 1907, for which he designed the large group of cottages the company built on Wrightsville Beach. Bonitz also held the position of building inspector of New Hanover County in 1905 and 1906.

About 1905 he began to take on apprentices and employees, many of whom became prominent in their own right. In May of 1905, the local newspaper noted that James Matthew Kennedy, who had been "connected with the office of Henry E. Bonitz," was leaving for Raleigh to join the firm of William P. Rose and Harry P. S. Keller. Others of Bonitz's apprentices and draftsmen included James L. Long of Hopkinsville, Kentucky; John D. Forbes of Baltimore; and William Michaelis of New York.

Henry Bonitz died at age 49, following an operation for kidney stones, at James Walker Memorial Hospital, a building where he had supervised construction. In his will, his benefactions showed a concern for children, especially orphans, in donations to four orphanages, one of which, owned by the Knights of Pythias, he had designed. According to his grandson, the architect's original drawings were lost when his widow washed out his linen drawings to use for napkins and tablecloths. During his relatively short life, the hardworking Bonitz planned buildings in at least 37 of the 100 North Carolina counties. Of his 132 known works in New Hanover County, 53 are known to survive.

The following buildings are among those noted in newspapers and other sources as having been designed by Henry Bonitz, but they have not been further identified in terms of their addresses or status (standing or no longer standing). Further information is sought, and confirmed buildings will be added to the building list: H. C. Bridger House, Bladenboro (1909); N.E. Parker House, Southport (1907); Sen. J. A. Brown House, Chadbourn (1905); Moore and Conner, Inc. Ford Garage, Chadbourn (1917); Bank, Clarkton (1906); Methodist Church, Fair Bluff (1913); Bank of Whiteville, Vineland (1905); J. B. Schulken House, Whiteville (1902); School, Whiteville; IOOF Building, Fayetteville (1906); First National Bank, Fayetteville (1905-1906); James Sprunt Female Institute, Kenansville (1897); Bank, Warsaw (1903); J.W. Maddry House, Scotland Neck (1907); Dr. N.A. Thompson Sanitarium, Lillington (1905); Reformed Church, Lillington (1913); School, Antioch; Hinton and Koonce Store, Jacksonville (1901); Claude Gore House, Rockingham (1909); Baptist Church, Fairmont (1911); Hotel (possible), Chimney Rock (1901); J.T. Johns House, Johns (1909).

Author: Janet K. Seapker. Contributor: John H. Bonitz, Jr.

Published 2009

Building List

St. Stephen's Episcopal Church (Goldsboro, Wayne County)

Wayne Goldsboro

1855

Contributors:
Dates: 1855-1857; 1906 [extension]
Location: Goldsboro, Wayne County
Street Address: 200 N. James St., Goldsboro, NC
Status: Standing
Type:
  • Religious
Note:

Bonitz designed the 1906 extension and the Parish House.

St. Stephen's Episcopal Church

Carolina Apartments (Wilmington, New Hanover County)

New Hanover Wilmington

1906

Contributors:
Dates: 1906-1907
Location: Wilmington, New Hanover County
Street Address: 420 Market St., Wilmington, NC
Status: Standing
Type:
  • Residential
Images Published In:
  • Catherine W. Bishir, North Carolina Architecture (1990).
  • Catherine W. Bishir and Michael T. Southern, A Guide to the Historic Architecture of Eastern North Carolina (1996).
  • Tony P. Wrenn, Wilmington, North Carolina: An Architectural and Historical Portrait (1984).

New Hanover County Courthouse (Wilmington, New Hanover County)

New Hanover Wilmington

1891

Contributors:
Dates: 1891-1893; 1901 [alterations]
Location: Wilmington, New Hanover County
Street Address: N. 3rd St. at Princess St., SE corner, Wilmington, NC
Status: Standing
Type:
  • Public
Images Published In:
  • Catherine W. Bishir, North Carolina Architecture (1990).
  • Catherine W. Bishir and Michael T. Southern, A Guide to the Historic Architecture of Eastern North Carolina (1996).
  • Tony P. Wrenn, Wilmington, North Carolina: An Architectural and Historical Portrait (1984).
Note:

The postcard view shows the City Hall-Thalian Hall on the left and the New Hanover County Courthouse on the right. James F. Post was involved in building both of them. Henry E. Bonitz made major alterations to the Superior Court Room of the New Hanover County Courthouse.

New Hanover County Courthouse

City Hall-Thalian Hall (Wilmington, New Hanover County)

New Hanover Wilmington

1855

Contributors:
Dates: 1855-1858; 1901; 1904
Location: Wilmington, New Hanover County
Street Address: 102 N 3rd St., Wilmington, NC
Status: Standing
Type:
  • Public
Images Published In:
  • Catherine W. Bishir, North Carolina Architecture (1990).
  • Catherine W. Bishir and Michael T. Southern, A Guide to the Historic Architecture of Eastern North Carolina (1996).
  • Tony P. Wrenn, Wilmington, North Carolina: An Architectural and Historical Portrait (1984).
Note:

In 1901 Henry E. Bonitz planned a redecoration of the clerk's and treasurer's office, and in 1904 he made major improvements to the theater in Thalian Hall to keep up with changing theater styles, comply with fire and safety regulations, and make repairs. Updated over the years, the imposing building continues as a civic landmark and still serves its original purposes. It has been the scene of many political events and notable theatrical performances.

City Hall-Thalian Hall

St. Paul's Evangelical Lutheran Church (Wilmington, New Hanover County)

New Hanover Wilmington

1859

Contributors:
Dates: 1859-1869; 1907 [additions]
Location: Wilmington, New Hanover County
Street Address: 603 Market St., Wilmington, NC
Status: Standing
Type:
  • Religious
Images Published In:
  • Tony P. Wrenn, Wilmington, North Carolina: An Architectural and Historical Portrait (1984).
Note:

Bonitz, a member of the church, added the transept and chancel to the existing church.

Kimball Memorial Lutheran Church (Kannapolis, Cabarrus County)

Cabarrus Kannapolis

1916

Contributors:
Dates: 1916
Location: Kannapolis, Cabarrus County
Street Address: 558 S. Main St, Kannapolis, NC
Status: No longer standing
Type:
  • Religious

Corinth Reformed Church (Hickory, Catawba County)

Catawba Hickory

1909

Contributors:
Dates: 1909-1910
Location: Hickory, Catawba County
Street Address: Second St. and First Ave., NW, Hickory, NC
Status: No longer standing
Type:
  • Religious

Corinth Reformed Church

Bank of Whiteville (Whiteville, Columbus County)

Columbus Whiteville

1902

Contributors:
Dates: 1902
Location: Whiteville, Columbus County
Street Address: Court Sq., Whiteville, NC
Status: Altered
Type:
  • Commercial

Bank of Whiteville

Oscar High Building (Whiteville, Columbus County)

Columbus Whiteville

1907

Contributors:
Dates: 1907
Location: Whiteville, Columbus County
Street Address: 103 Court Sq. Whiteville, NC
Status: Standing
Type:
  • Commercial

J.R. Maxwell Drug Store (Whiteville, Columbus County)

Columbus Whiteville

1907

Contributors:
Dates: 1907
Location: Whiteville, Columbus County
Street Address: 105 Court Sq., Whiteville, NC
Status: Standing
Type:
  • Commercial

J.R. Maxwell Drug Store

Coca Cola Bottling Works (New Bern, Craven County)

Craven New Bern

1916

Contributors:
Dates: 1916
Location: New Bern, Craven County
Street Address: Middle St., New Bern, NC
Status: No longer standing
Type:
  • Industrial

Coca Cola Bottling Works

Holly Grove Lutheran Church (Lexington, Davidson County)

Davidson Lexington

1914

Contributors:
Dates: 1914
Location: Lexington, Davidson County
Street Address: 212 Holly Grove Lutheran Church Rd., Lexington, NC
Status: Standing
Type:
  • Religious
Images Published In:
  • Paul Baker Touart, Building the Backcountry: An Architectural History of Davidson County, North Carolina (1987).

Holly Grove Lutheran Church

First Lutheran Church (Greensboro, Guilford County)

Guilford Greensboro

1910

Contributors:
Dates: 1910-1911
Location: Greensboro, Guilford County
Street Address: 307 Ashe St., Greensboro, NC
Status: No longer standing
Type:
  • Religious
Images Published In:
  • Gayle Hicks Fripp, Greensboro, Vol. II: Neighborhoods (1998).

Lillington Baptist Church (Lillington, Harnett County)

Harnett Lillington

1909

Contributors:
Dates: 1909
Location: Lillington, Harnett County
Street Address: 210 W. Lofton St., Lillington, NC
Status: Standing
Type:
  • Religious
Note:

The brick church formerly had a bell tower.

St. Mark's Lutheran Church (Mooresville, Iredell County)

Iredell Mooresville

1909

Contributors:
Dates: 1909
Location: Mooresville, Iredell County
Street Address: 457 N. Main St., Mooresville, NC
Status: No longer standing
Type:
  • Religious

Knights of Pythias Orphanage (Clayton, Johnston County)

Johnston Clayton

1909

Contributors:
Dates: 1909
Location: Clayton, Johnston County
Street Address: Clayton, NC
Status: No longer standing
Type:
  • Institutional
Note:

The illustration shows a perspective drawing which was probably done by Bonitz. It is not certain whether the entire complex was built as designed.

Knights of Pythias Orphanage

Sanford Graded School (Sanford, Lee County)

Lee Sanford

1905

Contributors:
Dates: 1905-1906
Location: Sanford, Lee County
Street Address: Carthage St. and Steele St., Sanford, NC
Status: No longer standing
Type:
  • Educational
Images Published In:
  • Jimmy Haire and W.W. Seymour, Jr., Sanford and Lee County (2006).

Emanuel Reformed Church (Lincolnton, Lincoln County)

Lincoln Lincolnton

1913

Contributors:
Dates: 1913
Location: Lincolnton, Lincoln County
Street Address: East Main St., Lincolnton, NC
Status: Standing
Type:
  • Religious
Images Published In:
  • Marvin A. Brown, Our Enduring Past: An Architectural History of Lincoln County (1986).

Aberdeen Graded School (Aberdeen, Moore County)

Moore Aberdeen

1913

Contributors:
Dates: 1913
Location: Aberdeen, Moore County
Street Address: High St. and Pine St., Aberdeen, NC
Status: Unknown
Type:
  • Educational
Images Published In:
  • Emma G.B. Richardson and Thomas C. Richardson, Illustrated History of Aberdeen (1976).

First Baptist Church (Spring Hope, Nash County)

Nash Spring Hope

1909

Contributors:
Dates: 1909-1910
Location: Spring Hope, Nash County
Street Address: E. Nash St. and Walnut St., Spring Hope, NC
Status: Standing
Type:
  • Religious
Images Published In:
  • Richard Leonard Mattson, The History and Architecture of Nash County, North Carolina (1987).

Carolina Beach Club (Carolina Beach, New Hanover County)

New Hanover Carolina Beach

1897

Contributors:
Dates: 1897
Location: Carolina Beach, New Hanover County
Street Address: Carolina Beach Strand, Carolina Beach, NC
Status: No longer standing
Type:
  • Recreational

Sedgeley Hall Club House (Carolina Beach, New Hanover County)

New Hanover Carolina Beach

1898

Contributors:
Dates: 1898
Location: Carolina Beach, New Hanover County
Street Address: Carolina Beach, NC
Status: No longer standing
Type:
  • Recreational
Images Published In:
  • Susan Taylor Block, Cape Fear Lost (1999).

Hanover Seaside Club (Carolina Beach, New Hanover County)

New Hanover Carolina Beach

1898

Contributors:
Dates: 1898
Location: Carolina Beach, New Hanover County
Street Address: Carolina Beach Ave., North, between 4th Ave. and 5th Ave., Carolina Beach, NC
Status: No longer standing
Type:
  • Recreational
Images Published In:
  • Susan Taylor Block, Cape Fear Lost (1999).

Carolina Beach Pavilion (Carolina Beach, New Hanover County)

New Hanover Carolina Beach

1911

Contributors:
Dates: 1911
Location: Carolina Beach, New Hanover County
Street Address: Carolina Beach Ave., North, between Cape Fear Blvd. and Raleigh St., Carolina Beach, NC
Status: No longer standing
Type:
  • Recreational
Images Published In:
  • Susan Taylor Block, Cape Fear Lost (1999).

Woolvin-Warren House (Wilmington, New Hanover County)

New Hanover Wilmington

1895

Contributors:
Dates: 1895
Location: Wilmington, New Hanover County
Street Address: 512 Chestnut St., Wilmington, NC
Status: Standing
Type:
  • Residential
Images Published In:
  • Historic Wilmington Foundation, http://www.historicwilmington.org.

Woolvin-Warren House

Jacob Weil House (Wilmington, New Hanover County)

New Hanover Wilmington

1895

Contributors:
Dates: 1895-1896
Location: Wilmington, New Hanover County
Street Address: 21 S 6th St., Wilmington, NC
Status: Standing
Type:
  • Commercial
Images Published In:
  • Tony P. Wrenn, Wilmington, North Carolina: An Architectural and Historical Portrait (1984).

Jacob Weil House

M.A. Whitehead and Son Houses (Wilmington, New Hanover County)

New Hanover Wilmington

1896

Contributors:
Dates: 1896
Location: Wilmington, New Hanover County
Street Address: S. 5th St. at Ann St., Wilmington, NC
Status: Standing
Type:
  • Residential

L.H. Vollers Houses (Wilmington, New Hanover County)

New Hanover Wilmington

1896

Contributors:
Dates: 1896
Location: Wilmington, New Hanover County
Street Address: 100-104 S. 4th St., Wilmington, NC
Status: Standing
Type:
  • Residential
Images Published In:
  • Historic Wilmington Foundation, http://www.historicwilmington.org.

Hardins Palace Pharmacy (Wilmington, New Hanover County)

New Hanover Wilmington

1896

Contributors:
Dates: 1896
Location: Wilmington, New Hanover County
Street Address: 128 S. Front St., Wilmington, NC
Status: Standing
Type:
  • Commercial
Images Published In:
  • Tony P. Wrenn, Wilmington, North Carolina: An Architectural and Historical Portrait (1984).

Hardins Palace Pharmacy

Sprunt and Son General Office Building (Wilmington, New Hanover County)

New Hanover Wilmington

1896

Variant Name(s):
  • L. Hansens Storess Stores
Contributors:
Dates: 1896
Location: Wilmington, New Hanover County
Street Address: 400-402 N. Front St., Wilmington, NC
Status: No longer standing
Type:
  • Commercial
Images Published In:
  • Susan Taylor Block, Cape Fear Lost (1999).

Henry T. Duls House (Wilmington, New Hanover County)

New Hanover Wilmington

1897

Contributors:
Dates: 1897
Location: Wilmington, New Hanover County
Street Address: 19 N. 7th St., Wilmington, NC
Status: No longer standing
Type:
  • Residential
Images Published In:
  • Historic Wilmington Foundation, http://www.historicwilmington.org.

Henry T. Duls House

Solomon Bear House (Wilmington, New Hanover County)

New Hanover Wilmington

1897

Contributors:
Dates: 1897
Location: Wilmington, New Hanover County
Street Address: 116 N. 5th St., Wilmington, NC
Status: No longer standing
Type:
  • Residential
Images Published In:
  • Susan Taylor Block, Cape Fear Lost (1999).

Warren and Son Store (Wilmington, New Hanover County)

New Hanover Wilmington

1897

Contributors:
Dates: 1897 [remodeled]
Location: Wilmington, New Hanover County
Street Address: SW corner Front St. and Market St., Wilmington, NC
Status: Standing
Type:
  • Commercial
Images Published In:
  • Susan Taylor Block, Cape Fear Lost (1999).

S. and B. Solomon Building (Wilmington, New Hanover County)

New Hanover Wilmington

1897

Contributors:
Dates: 1897
Location: Wilmington, New Hanover County
Street Address: 1 S Front St., Wilmington, NC
Status: Standing
Type:
  • Commercial

S. and B. Solomon Building

F.E. Hashagen House (Wilmington, New Hanover County)

New Hanover Wilmington

1897

Contributors:
Dates: 1897
Location: Wilmington, New Hanover County
Street Address: 517 Orange St., Wilmington, NC
Status: Standing
Type:
  • Residential

F.E. Hashagen House

Houses (Wilmington, New Hanover County)

New Hanover Wilmington

1897

Contributors:
Dates: 1897
Location: Wilmington, New Hanover County
Street Address: 314 and 316 Red Cross St., Wilmington, NC
Status: Standing
Type:
  • Residential

Houses

R.F. Warren House (Wilmington, New Hanover County)

New Hanover Wilmington

1898

Contributors:
Dates: 1898
Location: Wilmington, New Hanover County
Street Address: 511 Chestnut St., Wilmington, NC
Status: No longer standing
Type:
  • Residential

J.H. Rehder Store (Wilmington, New Hanover County)

New Hanover Wilmington

1898

Contributors:
Dates: 1898 [remodeled]
Location: Wilmington, New Hanover County
Street Address: 617 N. 4th St., Wilmington, NC
Status: No longer standing
Type:
  • Commercial
Images Published In:
  • Susan Taylor Block, Cape Fear Lost (1999).

DeRosset-Farriss House (Wilmington, New Hanover County)

New Hanover Wilmington

1898

Contributors:
Dates: 1898
Location: Wilmington, New Hanover County
Street Address: 312 Ann St., Wilmington, NC
Status: Standing
Type:
  • Residential
Images Published In:
  • Historic Wilmington Foundation, http://www.historicwilmington.org.

DeRosset-Farriss House

Hankins-Bannerman House (Wilmington, New Hanover County)

New Hanover Wilmington

1898

Contributors:
Dates: 1898
Location: Wilmington, New Hanover County
Street Address: 314 Ann St., Wilmington, NC
Status: Standing
Type:
  • Residential
Images Published In:
  • Historic Wilmington Foundation, http://www.historicwilmington.org.

Hankins-Bannerman House

Martha D. Munds House (Wilmington, New Hanover County)

New Hanover Wilmington

1898

Contributors:
Dates: 1898
Location: Wilmington, New Hanover County
Street Address: 316 Ann St., Wilmington, NC
Status: Standing
Type:
  • Residential
Images Published In:
  • Historic Wilmington Foundation, http://www.historicwilmington.org.

Martha D. Munds House

Elliot-Brown House (Wilmington, New Hanover County)

New Hanover Wilmington

1898

Contributors:
Dates: 1898
Location: Wilmington, New Hanover County
Street Address: 218 S 2nd St., Wilmington, NC
Status: Standing
Type:
  • Residential
Images Published In:
  • Historic Wilmington Foundation, http://www.historicwilmington.org.

Elliot-Brown House

J.H. Rehder House (Wilmington, New Hanover County)

New Hanover Wilmington

1898

Contributors:
Dates: 1898
Location: Wilmington, New Hanover County
Street Address: NE corner 8th St. and Market St., Wilmington, NC
Status: No longer standing
Type:
  • Residential
Images Published In:
  • Susan Taylor Block, Cape Fear Lost (1999).

Sprunt Warehouse (Wilmington, New Hanover County)

New Hanover Wilmington

1898

Contributors:
Dates: 1898
Location: Wilmington, New Hanover County
Street Address: E. side Nutt St, between Walnut St. and Red Cross St., Wilmington, NC
Status: No longer standing
Type:
  • Commercial

James M. Hall House (Wilmington, New Hanover County)

New Hanover Wilmington

1898

Contributors:
Dates: 1898-1899
Location: Wilmington, New Hanover County
Street Address: 214 S. 2nd St., Wilmington, NC
Status: Standing
Type:
  • Residential
Images Published In:
  • Historic Wilmington Foundation, http://www.historicwilmington.org.

Sloan-Powers House (Wilmington, New Hanover County)

New Hanover Wilmington

1899

Contributors:
Dates: 1899
Location: Wilmington, New Hanover County
Street Address: 216 S 2nd St., Wilmington, NC
Status: Standing
Type:
  • Residential
Images Published In:
  • Historic Wilmington Foundation, http://www.historicwilmington.org.

Sloan-Powers House

Walker Taylor House (Wilmington, New Hanover County)

New Hanover Wilmington

1899

Contributors:
Dates: 1899
Location: Wilmington, New Hanover County
Street Address: 714 Market St., Wilmington, NC
Status: Standing
Type:
  • Residential
Images Published In:
  • Historic Wilmington Foundation, http://www.historicwilmington.org.

Walker Taylor House

Z.W. Whitehead House (Wilmington, New Hanover County)

New Hanover Wilmington

1899

Contributors:
Dates: 1899
Location: Wilmington, New Hanover County
Street Address: 211 S 2nd St., Wilmington, NC
Status: Standing
Type:
  • Residential
Images Published In:
  • Historic Wilmington Foundation, http://www.historicwilmington.org.

Z.W. Whitehead House

Captain E.D. Williams House (Wilmington, New Hanover County)

New Hanover Wilmington

1900

Contributors:
Dates: 1900
Location: Wilmington, New Hanover County
Street Address: 221 S 6th St., Wilmington, NC
Status: Standing
Type:
  • Residential
Images Published In:
  • Historic Wilmington Foundation, http://www.historicwilmington.org.

Captain E.D. Williams House

Brooklyn Baptist Church (Wilmington, New Hanover County)

New Hanover Wilmington

1900

Contributors:
Dates: 1900
Location: Wilmington, New Hanover County
Street Address: 4th St. at Brunswick St., Wilmington, NC
Status: No longer standing
Type:
  • Religious

S. and B. Solomon Building (Wilmington, New Hanover County)

New Hanover Wilmington

1900

Contributors:
Dates: 1900
Location: Wilmington, New Hanover County
Street Address: 9 S. Front St., Wilmington, NC
Status: Standing
Type:
  • Commercial
Images Published In:
  • Historic Wilmington Foundation, http://www.historicwilmington.org.

S. and B. Solomon Building

I. M. Bear Store (Wilmington, New Hanover County)

New Hanover Wilmington

1900

Contributors:
Dates: 1900
Location: Wilmington, New Hanover County
Street Address: Front St. and Mulberry (now Grace) St., Wilmington, NC
Status: Standing
Type:
  • Commercial

George Gaylord Building (Wilmington, New Hanover County)

New Hanover Wilmington

1900

Contributors:
Dates: 1900
Location: Wilmington, New Hanover County
Street Address: 212 N Front St., Wilmington, NC
Status: Standing
Type:
  • Commercial
Images Published In:
  • Historic Wilmington Foundation, http://www.historicwilmington.org.

George Gaylord Building

House (Wilmington, New Hanover County)

New Hanover Wilmington

1900

Contributors:
Dates: 1900
Location: Wilmington, New Hanover County
Street Address: 501 Ann St., Wilmington, NC
Status: Standing
Type:
  • Residential
Images Published In:
  • Historic Wilmington Foundation, http://www.historicwilmington.org.
Note:

This house is a mirror image of the Olivia Quince House, 221 S. 5th St.

House

Olivia Quince House (Wilmington, New Hanover County)

New Hanover Wilmington

1900

Contributors:
Dates: 1900
Location: Wilmington, New Hanover County
Street Address: 221 S 5th St., Wilmington, NC
Status: Standing
Type:
  • Residential
Images Published In:
  • Historic Wilmington Foundation, http://www.historicwilmington.org.

Olivia Quince House

House (Wilmington, New Hanover County)

New Hanover Wilmington

1900

Contributors:
Dates: Ca. 1900
Location: Wilmington, New Hanover County
Street Address: 401 Dock St., Wilmington, NC
Status: Standing
Type:
  • Residential
Images Published In:
  • Historic Wilmington Foundation, http://www.historicwilmington.org.

House

W.E. Worth and Co. (Wilmington, New Hanover County)

New Hanover Wilmington

1901

Contributors:
Dates: 1901
Location: Wilmington, New Hanover County
Street Address: N. 2nd St. at Campbell St., Wilmington, NC
Status: No longer standing
Type:
  • Commercial
Note:

Bonitz supervised construction of this commercial building.

J.G. McMillan House (Wilmington, New Hanover County)

New Hanover Wilmington

1902

Contributors:
Dates: 1902
Location: Wilmington, New Hanover County
Street Address: 501 S. Front St., Wilmington, NC
Status: Standing
Type:
  • Residential
Images Published In:
  • Historic Wilmington Foundation, http://www.historicwilmington.org.

J.G. McMillan House

Peterson and Rulfs Shoe Store (Wilmington, New Hanover County)

New Hanover Wilmington

1902

Contributors:
Dates: 1902
Location: Wilmington, New Hanover County
Street Address: 7 N. Front St., Wilmington, NC
Status: Standing
Type:
  • Commercial
Images Published In:
  • Historic Wilmington Foundation, http://www.historicwilmington.org.

Peterson and Rulfs Shoe Store

Harriss House (Wilmington, New Hanover County)

New Hanover Wilmington

1902

Contributors:
Dates: Ca. 1902
Location: Wilmington, New Hanover County
Street Address: 609 Dock St., Wilmington, NC
Status: Standing
Type:
  • Residential
Images Published In:
  • Historic Wilmington Foundation, http://www.historicwilmington.org.

Harriss House

Tobacco Warehouse (Wilmington, New Hanover County)

New Hanover Wilmington

1903

Contributors:
Dates: 1903
Location: Wilmington, New Hanover County
Street Address: Intersection of Wilmington and Weldon Railroad and Sea Coast Railroad, Wilmington, NC
Status: No longer standing
Type:
  • Commercial

A.D. Brown's Dry Goods (Wilmington, New Hanover County)

New Hanover Wilmington

1903

Contributors:
Dates: 1903
Location: Wilmington, New Hanover County
Street Address: 29 N. Front St., Wilmington, NC
Status: No longer standing
Type:
  • Commercial
Images Published In:
  • Susan Taylor Block, Cape Fear Lost (1999).

Harper-Newbold House (Wilmington, New Hanover County)

New Hanover Wilmington

1905

Contributors:
Dates: 1905
Location: Wilmington, New Hanover County
Street Address: 5 Church St., Wilmington, NC
Status: Standing
Type:
  • Residential
Images Published In:
  • Historic Wilmington Foundation, http://www.historicwilmington.org.

Harper-Newbold House

Bartram Quelch House (Wilmington, New Hanover County)

New Hanover Wilmington

1905

Contributors:
Dates: 1905
Location: Wilmington, New Hanover County
Street Address: 606 Walnut St., Wilmington, NC
Status: Standing
Type:
  • Residential
Images Published In:
  • Historic Wilmington Foundation, http://www.historicwilmington.org.

Bartram Quelch House

Garrell Building (Wilmington, New Hanover County)

New Hanover Wilmington

1906

Contributors:
  • Henry E. Bonitz, architect;
  • Ed Teisser, superintendent for Central Carolina Construction Greensboro
Dates: 1906
Location: Wilmington, New Hanover County
Street Address: 126-130 Princess St., Wilmington, NC
Status: No longer standing
Type:
  • Commercial
Images Published In:
  • Historic Wilmington Foundation, http://www.historicwilmington.org.

Garrell Building

Henry E. Bonitz Office (Wilmington, New Hanover County)

New Hanover Wilmington

1906

Contributors:
Dates: 1906
Location: Wilmington, New Hanover County
Street Address: 211-215 Princess St., Wilmington, NC
Status: Standing
Type:
  • Commercial
Images Published In:
  • Tony P. Wrenn, Wilmington, North Carolina: An Architectural and Historical Portrait (1984).
Note:

The neoclassically detailed façade is emblazoned "Henry E. Bonitz/Architect" in the frieze, and features the dates 1894 and 1906, plus architectural instruments in low relief.

Henry E. Bonitz Office

Mrs. G. W. Webb House (Wilmington, New Hanover County)

New Hanover Wilmington

1907

Contributors:
Dates: 1907
Location: Wilmington, New Hanover County
Street Address: 312 Dock St., Wilmington, NC
Status: Standing
Type:
  • Residential
Images Published In:
  • Historic Wilmington Foundation, http://www.historicwilmington.org.

Mrs. G. W. Webb House

Ahrens Building (Wilmington, New Hanover County)

New Hanover Wilmington

1907

Contributors:
Dates: 1907
Location: Wilmington, New Hanover County
Street Address: 108-110 Market St., Wilmington, NC
Status: Standing
Type:
  • Commercial
Images Published In:
  • Historic Wilmington Foundation, http://www.historicwilmington.org.

Ahrens Building

Consolidated Market and Fire Engine House #3 (Wilmington, New Hanover County)

New Hanover Wilmington

1907

Contributors:
Dates: 1907
Location: Wilmington, New Hanover County
Street Address: 602-604 N. 4th St., Wilmington, NC
Status: Standing
Type:
  • Public
Images Published In:
  • Tony P. Wrenn, Wilmington, North Carolina: An Architectural and Historical Portrait (1984).

Consolidated Market and Fire Engine House #3

J.W. Murchison and Co. (Wilmington, New Hanover County)

New Hanover Wilmington

1911

Contributors:
Dates: 1911
Location: Wilmington, New Hanover County
Street Address: SE corner, Water St. and Chestnut St., Wilmington, NC
Status: No longer standing
Type:
  • Commercial
Images Published In:
  • Susan Taylor Block, Cape Fear Lost (1999).

John D. Bellamy Building (Wilmington, New Hanover County)

New Hanover Wilmington

1911

Contributors:
Dates: 1911
Location: Wilmington, New Hanover County
Street Address: l09 S. Front St., Wilmington, NC
Status: Standing
Type:
  • Commercial
Images Published In:
  • Historic Wilmington Foundation, http://www.historicwilmington.org.

John D. Bellamy Building

C.D. Maffitt Building (Wilmington, New Hanover County)

New Hanover Wilmington

1912

Contributors:
Dates: 1912
Location: Wilmington, New Hanover County
Street Address: NE corner Water St. and Princess St., Wilmington, NC
Status: No longer standing
Type:
  • Commercial
Images Published In:
  • Susan Taylor Block, Cape Fear Lost (1999).

C.D. Maffitt Building

Northrop-Graham House (Wilmington, New Hanover County)

New Hanover Wilmington

1912

Contributors:
Dates: 1912
Location: Wilmington, New Hanover County
Street Address: 108 S. 5th St., Wilmington, NC
Status: Standing
Type:
  • Residential
Images Published In:
  • Historic Wilmington Foundation, http://www.historicwilmington.org.

Northrop-Graham House

J.H. Strauss Store (Wilmington, New Hanover County)

New Hanover Wilmington

1914

Contributors:
Dates: 1914
Location: Wilmington, New Hanover County
Street Address: 701-705 N. 4th St., Wilmington, NC
Status: Standing
Type:
  • Commercial
Images Published In:
  • Historic Wilmington Foundation, http://www.historicwilmington.org.

J.H. Strauss Store

Pythian Castle Hall (Wilmington, New Hanover County)

New Hanover Wilmington

1915

Contributors:
Dates: 1915
Location: Wilmington, New Hanover County
Street Address: 206-208 Princess St., Wilmington, NC
Status: Standing
Type:
  • Fraternal
Images Published In:
  • Historic Wilmington Foundation, http://www.historicwilmington.org.

Pythian Castle Hall

Sam Bear and Sons, Wholesale Grocers (Wilmington, New Hanover County)

New Hanover Wilmington

1915

Contributors:
Dates: 1915
Location: Wilmington, New Hanover County
Street Address: 311 N. Front St., Wilmington, NC
Status: Standing
Type:
  • Commercial
Images Published In:
  • Historic Wilmington Foundation, http://www.historicwilmington.org.

T.H. Wright Garage (Wilmington, New Hanover County)

New Hanover Wilmington

1915

Contributors:
Dates: 1915
Location: Wilmington, New Hanover County
Street Address: 14-16 Market St., Wilmington, NC
Status: Standing
Type:
  • Commercial
Images Published In:
  • Historic Wilmington Foundation, http://www.historicwilmington.org.
Note:

The building has been rebuilt.

T.H. Wright Garage

L.C. Walsh House (Wilmington, New Hanover County)

New Hanover Wilmington

1917

Contributors:
Dates: 1917
Location: Wilmington, New Hanover County
Street Address: 4008 Peachtree St., Wilmington, NC
Status: Standing
Type:
  • Residential
Images Published In:
  • Historic Wilmington Foundation, http://www.historicwilmington.org.

L.C. Walsh House

P.H. Walsh House (Wilmington, New Hanover County)

New Hanover Wilmington

1917

Contributors:
Dates: 1917
Location: Wilmington, New Hanover County
Street Address: 4117 Cherry Ave., Wilmington, NC
Status: Standing
Type:
  • Residential
Images Published In:
  • Historic Wilmington Foundation, http://www.historicwilmington.org.

P.H. Walsh House

Alexander Sprunt and Sons Building (Wilmington, New Hanover County)

New Hanover Wilmington

1919

Contributors:
Dates: 1919
Location: Wilmington, New Hanover County
Street Address: 321 N. Front St., Wilmington, NC
Status: Standing
Type:
  • Commercial
Images Published In:
  • Tony P. Wrenn, Wilmington, North Carolina: An Architectural and Historical Portrait (1984).

Alexander Sprunt and Sons Building

John Haughton James House (Wilmington, New Hanover County)

New Hanover Wilmington

1920

Contributors:
Dates: 1920
Location: Wilmington, New Hanover County
Street Address: 1509 Market St., Wilmington, NC
Status: Standing
Type:
  • Residential
Note:

For this house, Bonitz adjusted pattern book plans to suit the client.

Clarendon Yacht Club (Wrightsville Beach, New Hanover County)

New Hanover Wrightsville Beach

1895

Contributors:
Dates: 1895
Location: Wrightsville Beach, New Hanover County
Street Address: Wrightsville Beach, NC
Status: No longer standing
Type:
  • Recreational
Images Published In:
  • Susan Taylor Block, Cape Fear Lost (1999).

Sol Bear House (Wrightsville Beach, New Hanover County)

New Hanover Wrightsville Beach

1896

Contributors:
Dates: 1896
Location: Wrightsville Beach, New Hanover County
Street Address: Wrightsville Beach, NC
Status: No longer standing
Type:
  • Residential

Wrightsville Beach Cottages (Wrightsville Beach, New Hanover County)

New Hanover Wrightsville Beach

1896

Contributors:
Dates: 1896
Location: Wrightsville Beach, New Hanover County
Street Address: Wrightsville Beach, NC
Status: No longer standing
Type:
  • Residential
Images Published In:
  • Edward F. Turberg, ed., Historic Architecture of New Hanover County, North Carolina (1986).

Seashore Hotel (Wrightsville Beach, New Hanover County)

New Hanover Wrightsville Beach

1897

Contributors:
Dates: 1897
Location: Wrightsville Beach, New Hanover County
Street Address: Station Three, 275 S. Lumina Ave., Wrightsville Beach, NC
Status: No longer standing
Type:
  • Commercial
Images Published In:
  • Susan Taylor Block, Cape Fear Lost (1999).
Note:

The Manufacturers' Record, Feb. 3, 1909, noted that Leitner was architect for an addition to the Seashore Hotel at Wrightsville Beach. The ocean front hotel, as noted by Susan Block, opened in 1898 and was expanded over the years. Renamed the Ocean Terrace Hotel in 1935, it suffered damage from Hurricane Hazel in 1954 and a year later was destroyed by fire. Its site is now occupied by the Blockade Runner hotel.

Ocean View Hotel (Wrightsville Beach, New Hanover County)

New Hanover Wrightsville Beach

1899

Contributors:
Dates: 1899
Location: Wrightsville Beach, New Hanover County
Street Address: Wrightsville Beach, NC
Status: No longer standing
Type:
  • Commercial
Note:

Built for Seacoast Rail Road.

Lumina Pavilion (Wrightsville Beach, New Hanover County)

New Hanover Wrightsville Beach

1905

Contributors:
Dates: 1905
Location: Wrightsville Beach, New Hanover County
Street Address: Station 7, Wrightsville Beach, NC
Status: No longer standing
Type:
  • Recreational
Images Published In:
  • Catherine W. Bishir and Michael T. Southern, A Guide to the Historic Architecture of Eastern North Carolina (1996).
  • Susan Taylor Block, Cape Fear Lost (1999).
Note:

Built for Tidewater Light and Power Company, Lumina Pavilion was a beloved and spectacular landmark of North Carolina's beach culture of the early to mid 19th century.

Lumina Pavilion

Hanover Seaside Club (Wrightsville Beach, New Hanover County)

New Hanover Wrightsville Beach

1906

Contributors:
Dates: 1906
Location: Wrightsville Beach, New Hanover County
Street Address: 601 S. Lumina Ave., Wrightsville Beach, NC
Status: No longer standing
Type:
  • Recreational
Images Published In:
  • Susan Taylor Block, Cape Fear Lost (1999).

Wrightsville Beach and Suburban Development Company Cottages (Wilmington, New Hanover County)

New Hanover Wilmington

1907

Contributors:
Dates: 1907
Location: Wilmington, New Hanover County
Street Address: S. Lumina Ave., Wilmington, NC
Status: No longer standing
Type:
  • Residential
Images Published In:
  • Edward F. Turberg, ed., Historic Architecture of New Hanover County, North Carolina (1986).

Wrightsville Methodist Episcopal Church (Wrightsville Beach, New Hanover County)

New Hanover Wrightsville Beach

1908

Contributors:
Dates: 1908
Location: Wrightsville Beach, New Hanover County
Street Address: S. side, Wrightsville Ave. near Airlie Rd., Wrightsville Beach, NC
Status: No longer standing
Type:
  • Religious
Note:

This building was renamed Greenville Chapel when it was moved to Vann St. in 1921 for use by Seagate Methodist Church. The congregation moved to 5810 Oleander Dr. and built a new structure to house the Oleander United Methodist Church.

Tide Water Power Company Passenger Station (Wrightsville Beach, New Hanover County)

New Hanover Wrightsville Beach

1915

Contributors:
Dates: 1915
Location: Wrightsville Beach, New Hanover County
Street Address: S. side, Causeway Dr., at Intracoastal Waterway, Wrightsville Beach, NC
Status: No longer standing
Type:
  • Transportation
Images Published In:
  • Susan Taylor Block, Cape Fear Lost (1999).

Harbor Island Auditorium (Wrightsville Beach, New Hanover County)

New Hanover Wrightsville Beach

1916

Contributors:
Dates: 1916
Location: Wrightsville Beach, New Hanover County
Street Address: Causeway Dr. at Live Oak Dr., Wrightsville Beach, NC
Status: No longer standing
Type:
  • Public
Images Published In:
  • Susan Taylor Block, Cape Fear Lost (1999).

Bank of Onslow (Jacksonville, Onslow County)

Onslow Jacksonville

1916

Contributors:
Dates: 1916
Location: Jacksonville, Onslow County
Street Address: 214 Old Bridge St., Jacksonville, NC
Status: Standing
Type:
  • Commercial
Images Published In:
  • J. Daniel Pezzoni, The Architectural History of Onslow County (1998).

Jacksonville Masonic Temple (Jacksonville, Onslow County)

Onslow Jacksonville

1919

Contributors:
Dates: 1919
Location: Jacksonville, Onslow County
Street Address: 216 Old Bridge St., Jacksonville, NC
Status: Standing
Type:
  • Fraternal
Images Published In:
  • J. Daniel Pezzoni, The Architectural History of Onslow County (1998).

Burgaw Auditorium and School (Burgaw, Pender County)

Pender Burgaw

1917

Variant Name(s):
  • Burgaw Middle School
Contributors:
Dates: 1917
Location: Burgaw, Pender County
Street Address: 500 South Wright St., Burgaw, NC
Status: Standing
Type:
  • Educational

Greenville High School (Greenville, Pitt County)

Pitt Greenville

1915

Contributors:
Dates: 1915
Location: Greenville, Pitt County
Street Address: Reade St. between 4th St. and 5th St., Greenville, NC
Status: No longer standing
Type:
  • Educational
Images Published In:
  • Michael Cotter, ed., The Architectural Heritage of Greenville, North Carolina (1988).

Ellerbe Springs Hotel (Ellerbe, Richmond County)

Richmond Ellerbe

1905

Contributors:
Dates: 1905
Location: Ellerbe, Richmond County
Street Address: 2537 N. Highway 220, Ellerbe, NC
Status: Standing
Type:
  • Commercial
Images Published In:
  • Catherine W. Bishir and Michael T. Southern, A Guide to the Historic Architecture of Piedmont North Carolina (2003).

Ellerbe Springs Hotel

Central Hotel (Hamlet, Richmond County)

Richmond Hamlet

1910

Contributors:
Dates: 1910
Location: Hamlet, Richmond County
Street Address: 69 Main St., Hamlet, NC
Status: Standing
Type:
  • Commercial
Images Published In:
  • J. Daniel Pezzoni, The Architectural History of Richmond County, North Carolina (2007).

Baptist Church (Rockingham, Richmond County)

Richmond Rockingham

1907

Contributors:
Dates: 1907
Location: Rockingham, Richmond County
Street Address: NW corner Randolph St. and Green St., Rockingham, NC
Status: No longer standing
Type:
  • Religious

Thompson Sanitarium (Lumberton, Robeson County)

Robeson Lumberton

1905

Contributors:
Dates: 1905
Location: Lumberton, Robeson County
Street Address: NW corner E 4th St. and Walnut St., Lumberton, NC
Status: Standing
Type:
  • Health Care

Chestnut Street Methodist Church (Lumberton, Robeson County)

Robeson Lumberton

1909

Contributors:
Dates: 1909
Location: Lumberton, Robeson County
Street Address: SE corner, Chestnut St. and 8th St., Lumberton, NC
Status: No longer standing
Type:
  • Religious
Images Published In:
  • K. Blake Tyner, Robeson County in Vintage Postcards (2005).

St. Paul's Methodist Episcopal Church (Maxton, Robeson County)

Robeson Maxton

1905

Contributors:
Dates: 1905-1906
Location: Maxton, Robeson County
Street Address: W. Sanders at Florence St., Maxton, NC
Status: Standing
Type:
  • Religious
Images Published In:
  • Catherine W. Bishir and Michael T. Southern, A Guide to the Historic Architecture of Eastern North Carolina (1996).

Raeford High School (Raeford, Hoke County)

Hoke Raeford

1917

Contributors:
Dates: 1917
Location: Raeford, Hoke County
Street Address: SW corner Stewart St. and Donaldson St., Raeford, NC
Status: No longer standing
Type:
  • Educational

North Carolina Military Academy Building (Red Springs, Robeson County)

Robeson Red Springs

1907

Contributors:
Dates: 1907
Location: Red Springs, Robeson County
Street Address: Red Springs, NC
Status: No longer standing
Type:
  • Educational

Lee Hotel and Furniture Store (Laurinburg, Scotland County)

Scotland Laurinburg

1901

Contributors:
Dates: 1901
Location: Laurinburg, Scotland County
Street Address: 502 Main St., Laurinburg, NC
Status: Unknown
Type:
  • Commercial

M.A. McDougald Furniture Store (Laurinburg, Scotland County)

Scotland Laurinburg

1901

Contributors:
Dates: 1901
Location: Laurinburg, Scotland County
Street Address: S. Main St., Laurinburg, NC
Status: Unknown
Type:
  • Commercial

First Lutheran Church (Albemarle, Stanly County)

Stanly Albemarle

1908

Contributors:
Dates: Ca. 1908
Location: Albemarle, Stanly County
Street Address: 230 S. 2nd St., Albemarle, NC
Status: Standing
Type:
  • Religious

Infirmary (Raleigh, Wake County)

Wake Raleigh

1897

Contributors:
Dates: 1897
Location: Raleigh, Wake County
Street Address: North Carolina State University Campus, Raleigh, NC
Status: Altered
Type:
  • Health Care
Images Published In:
  • Burton F. Beers and Murray Scott Downs, North Carolina State University: A Pictorial History (1986).
Note:

The old infirmary building was drastically remodeled into the Alumni Center, now called Winslow Hall. The main front is of mid-20th century Colonial Revival style, but the back section is still recognizable from the original period of construction.

YMCA (Raleigh, Wake County)

Wake Raleigh

1910

Contributors:
Dates: 1910-1913
Location: Raleigh, Wake County
Street Address: North Carolina State University Campus, Raleigh, NC
Status: No longer standing
Type:
  • Educational;
  • Recreational
Images Published In:
  • Burton F. Beers and Murray Scott Downs, North Carolina State University: A Pictorial History (1986).

YMCA

Holy Trinity Evangelical Lutheran Church (Raleigh, Wake County)

Wake Raleigh

1914

Contributors:
Dates: 1914
Location: Raleigh, Wake County
Street Address: NE corner Hillsborough St. at Boylan Ave., Raleigh, NC
Status: No longer standing
Type:
  • Religious
Note:

According to church archivist Kenneth Marks, the architect was H. E. Bonitz of Wilmington, and construction began in April, 1914. The congregation was officially established in 1912. The members held services in the Briggs Hardware Building until the new church was constructed at Boylan and Hillsborough streets. The first service in the new building was held May 9, 1915. The congregation moved to a new location on Clark Ave. in the mid-1950s, and the old church was torn down.

Oddfellows Building (Goldsboro, Wayne County)

Wayne Goldsboro

1906

Contributors:
Dates: 1906
Location: Goldsboro, Wayne County
Street Address: 111-115 N. John St., Goldsboro, NC
Status: Standing
Type:
  • Fraternal

Hospital (Goldsboro, Wayne County)

Wayne Goldsboro

1909

Contributors:
Dates: 1909-1912
Location: Goldsboro, Wayne County
Street Address: SW corner of Herman St. and Simmons St., Goldsboro, NC
Status: Unknown
Type:
  • Health Care

Mount Olive Presbyterian Church (Mount Olive, Wayne County)

Wayne Mount Olive

1913

Contributors:
Dates: 1913
Location: Mount Olive, Wayne County
Street Address: 1905 N. Breazeale Ave., Mount Olive, NC
Status: Standing
Type:
  • Religious
Images Published In:
  • J. Daniel Pezzoni and Penne Smith, Glimpses of Wayne County, North Carolina: An Architectural History (1998).

Mount Olive First United Methodist Church (Mount Olive, Wayne County)

Wayne Mount Olive

1911

Contributors:
Dates: 1911-1913
Location: Mount Olive, Wayne County
Street Address: 120 E. James St., Mount Olive, NC
Status: Standing
Type:
  • Religious
Images Published In:
  • J. Daniel Pezzoni and Penne Smith, Glimpses of Wayne County, North Carolina: An Architectural History (1998).

North State Candy and E. L. Matthews Candy Companies Building (Wilmington, New Hanover County)

New Hanover Wilmington

1912

Contributors:
Dates: 1912
Location: Wilmington, New Hanover County
Street Address: N. Front St. at Hanover St., Wilmington, NC
Status: No longer standing
Type:
  • Commercial

Hanson Flats (Wilmington, New Hanover County)

New Hanover Wilmington

1915

Contributors:
Dates: 1915
Location: Wilmington, New Hanover County
Street Address: E. side, 400 block N. Front St., Wilmington, NC
Status: No longer standing
Type:
  • Residential
Note:

These row houses designed by Bonitz were later converted to four stores.

Masonic Temple (Goldsboro, Wayne County)

Wayne Goldsboro

1905

Contributors:
Dates: 1905
Location: Goldsboro, Wayne County
Street Address: Goldsboro, NC
Status: Unknown
Type:
  • Fraternal

Mrs. Latta's House (Wilmington, New Hanover County)

New Hanover Wilmington

1898

Contributors:
Dates: 1898
Location: Wilmington, New Hanover County
Street Address: Mulberry (Grace) St. between Front St. and 2nd St., Wilmington, NC
Status: No longer standing
Type:
  • Residential

J. Marshall House (Wilmington, New Hanover County)

New Hanover Wilmington

1895

Contributors:
Dates: 1895
Location: Wilmington, New Hanover County
Street Address: 909 Market St., Wilmington, NC
Status: No longer standing
Type:
  • Residential

H.L. Vollers Warehouse (Wilmington, New Hanover County)

New Hanover Wilmington

1896

Contributors:
Dates: 1896
Location: Wilmington, New Hanover County
Street Address: 400 block Nutt St., Wilmington, NC
Status: No longer standing
Type:
  • Commercial

Mrs. A. Steinken House (Wilmington, New Hanover County)

New Hanover Wilmington

1896

Contributors:
Dates: 1896
Location: Wilmington, New Hanover County
Street Address: 1206 N. 4th St., Wilmington, NC
Status: No longer standing
Type:
  • Residential

Bartholomay Brewing Co. (Wilmington, New Hanover County)

New Hanover Wilmington

1896

Contributors:
Dates: 1896
Location: Wilmington, New Hanover County
Street Address: Nutt St. near Red Cross St., Wilmington, NC
Status: No longer standing
Type:
  • Commercial

C.W. Polvogt and Co. (Wilmington, New Hanover County)

New Hanover Wilmington

1897

Contributors:
Dates: 1897
Location: Wilmington, New Hanover County
Street Address: 9 N. Front St., Wilmington, NC
Status: No longer standing
Type:
  • Commercial

S. Behrend's Store (Wilmington, New Hanover County)

New Hanover Wilmington

1897

Contributors:
Dates: 1897
Location: Wilmington, New Hanover County
Street Address: 16 S. Front St., Wilmington, NC
Status: No longer standing
Type:
  • Commercial

R.H. Pickett House (Wilmington, New Hanover County)

New Hanover Wilmington

1897

Contributors:
Dates: 1897
Location: Wilmington, New Hanover County
Street Address: 908 Market St., Wilmington, NC
Status: No longer standing
Type:
  • Residential

Carolina Ice Company (Wilmington, New Hanover County)

New Hanover Wilmington

1898

Contributors:
Dates: 1898 [expanded]
Location: Wilmington, New Hanover County
Street Address: Water St. at Dock St., Wilmington, NC
Status: No longer standing
Type:
  • Commercial

John McLaurin House (Wilmington, New Hanover County)

New Hanover Wilmington

1899

Contributors:
Dates: 1899
Location: Wilmington, New Hanover County
Street Address: 609 S 6th St., Wilmington, NC
Status: No longer standing
Type:
  • Residential

George R. French and Sons Store (Wilmington, New Hanover County)

New Hanover Wilmington

1899

Contributors:
Dates: 1899; 1906 [remodeled]
Location: Wilmington, New Hanover County
Street Address: SE corner Front St. and Princess St., Wilmington, NC
Status: No longer standing
Type:
  • Commercial

Thomas F. Bagley House (Wilmington, New Hanover County)

New Hanover Wilmington

1899

Contributors:
Dates: 1899
Location: Wilmington, New Hanover County
Street Address: 109 Ann St., Wilmington, NC
Status: No longer standing
Type:
  • Residential

Henry E. Bonitz House (Wilmington, New Hanover County)

New Hanover Wilmington

1899

Contributors:
Dates: 1899
Location: Wilmington, New Hanover County
Street Address: 711 Princess St., Wilmington, NC
Status: No longer standing
Type:
  • Residential

J.H. Dreher House (Wilmington, New Hanover County)

New Hanover Wilmington

1899

Contributors:
Dates: 1899
Location: Wilmington, New Hanover County
Street Address: 807 Princess St., Wilmington, NC
Status: No longer standing
Type:
  • Residential

John C. Boesch House (Wilmington, New Hanover County)

New Hanover Wilmington

1899

Contributors:
Dates: 1899
Location: Wilmington, New Hanover County
Street Address: 809 Princess St., Wilmington, NC
Status: No longer standing
Type:
  • Residential

T. Donlon Houses (Wilmington, New Hanover County)

New Hanover Wilmington

1899

Contributors:
Dates: 1899
Location: Wilmington, New Hanover County
Street Address: SE corner 3rd St. and Chestnut St., Wilmington, NC
Status: No longer standing
Type:
  • Residential

House (Wilmington, New Hanover County)

New Hanover Wilmington

1899

Contributors:
Dates: 1899
Location: Wilmington, New Hanover County
Street Address: 100 block Ann St., Wilmington, NC
Status: No longer standing
Type:
  • Residential

Munson and Company Store (Wilmington, New Hanover County)

New Hanover Wilmington

1900

Contributors:
Dates: 1900 [remodeled]
Location: Wilmington, New Hanover County
Street Address: 32 N. Front St., Wilmington, NC
Status: No longer standing
Type:
  • Commercial

Meina Ulrich House (Wilmington, New Hanover County)

New Hanover Wilmington

1900

Contributors:
Dates: 1900
Location: Wilmington, New Hanover County
Street Address: SW corner Front St. and Church St., Wilmington, NC
Status: No longer standing
Type:
  • Residential

Carolina Ice House (Wilmington, New Hanover County)

New Hanover Wilmington

1901

Contributors:
Dates: 1901
Location: Wilmington, New Hanover County
Street Address: Wilmington, NC
Status: No longer standing
Type:
  • Commercial

Warehouse (Wilmington, New Hanover County)

New Hanover Wilmington

1902

Contributors:
Dates: 1902
Location: Wilmington, New Hanover County
Street Address: W. side 000 block Water St., Wilmington, NC
Status: No longer standing
Type:
  • Commercial

Warehouse (Wilmington, New Hanover County)

New Hanover Wilmington

1902

Variant Name(s):
  • Iron-Clad
Contributors:
Dates: 1902
Location: Wilmington, New Hanover County
Street Address: W. side N. Water St. between Market St. and Princess St., Wilmington, NC
Status: No longer standing
Type:
  • Commercial

Holmes Grocery (Wilmington, New Hanover County)

New Hanover Wilmington

1902

Contributors:
Dates: 1902
Location: Wilmington, New Hanover County
Street Address: 6 N. Front St., Wilmington, NC
Status: No longer standing
Type:
  • Commercial

Major D. O'Connor House (Wilmington, New Hanover County)

New Hanover Wilmington

1902

Contributors:
Dates: 1902
Location: Wilmington, New Hanover County
Street Address: 11 S. 5th St., Wilmington, NC
Status: Standing
Type:
  • Residential

Major D. O'Connor House

Howard Relief Society Club House (Wilmington, New Hanover County)

New Hanover Wilmington

1903

Contributors:
Dates: 1903
Location: Wilmington, New Hanover County
Street Address: NE corner Front St. and Orange St., Wilmington, NC
Status: No longer standing
Type:
  • Recreational

St. Matthew's English Lutheran Church Parsonage (Wilmington, New Hanover County)

New Hanover Wilmington

1904

Contributors:
Dates: 1904
Location: Wilmington, New Hanover County
Street Address: 4th St. near Hanover St., Wilmington, NC
Status: No longer standing
Type:
  • Religious

Mrs. L.H. Vollers House (Wilmington, New Hanover County)

New Hanover Wilmington

1904

Contributors:
Dates: 1904
Location: Wilmington, New Hanover County
Street Address: 719 Market St., Wilmington, NC
Status: No longer standing
Type:
  • Residential

F.H. Krahnke House (Wilmington, New Hanover County)

New Hanover Wilmington

1906

Contributors:
Dates: 1906
Location: Wilmington, New Hanover County
Street Address: 111 Chestnut St., Wilmington, NC
Status: No longer standing
Type:
  • Residential

Mrs. Lena Wessell's Stores (Wilmington, New Hanover County)

New Hanover Wilmington

1906

Contributors:
Dates: 1906
Location: Wilmington, New Hanover County
Street Address: SW corner 2nd St. and Market St., Wilmington, NC
Status: No longer standing
Type:
  • Commercial

Monroe and Company Furniture Store (Wilmington, New Hanover County)

New Hanover Wilmington

1906

Contributors:
Dates: 1906
Location: Wilmington, New Hanover County
Street Address: 15-17 S. Front St., Wilmington, NC
Status: No longer standing
Type:
  • Commercial

Universal Oil Mills Warehouse (Wilmington, New Hanover County)

New Hanover Wilmington

1906

Contributors:
Dates: 1906
Location: Wilmington, New Hanover County
Street Address: 10th St. and Hall St., Wilmington, NC
Status: No longer standing
Type:
  • Industrial

Willard Bag and Manufacturing Company (Wilmington, New Hanover County)

New Hanover Wilmington

1906

Contributors:
Dates: 1906
Location: Wilmington, New Hanover County
Street Address: 3rd St. at Kidder St., Wilmington, NC
Status: No longer standing
Type:
  • Industrial

Walter L. Parsley House Stable (Wilmington, New Hanover County)

New Hanover Wilmington

1906

Contributors:
  • Henry E. Bonitz, architect;
  • N.W. Hansley, contractor;
  • E.S. Wisharrt, contractor
Dates: 1906
Location: Wilmington, New Hanover County
Street Address: 711 Market St., Wilmington, NC
Status: No longer standing
Type:
  • Transportation
Images Published In:
  • Susan Taylor Block, Cape Fear Lost (1999).

Leonidas B. Sasser's Drug Store (Wilmington, New Hanover County)

New Hanover Wilmington

1907

Contributors:
Dates: 1907
Location: Wilmington, New Hanover County
Street Address: 802 Market St., Wilmington, NC
Status: No longer standing
Type:
  • Commercial

R.F. Warren Store (Wilmington, New Hanover County)

New Hanover Wilmington

1907

Contributors:
Dates: 1907-1908
Location: Wilmington, New Hanover County
Street Address: 7 S. 2nd St., Wilmington, NC
Status: No longer standing
Type:
  • Commercial

Sol Bear and Company (Wilmington, New Hanover County)

New Hanover Wilmington

1908

Contributors:
Dates: 1908
Location: Wilmington, New Hanover County
Street Address: Front St. between Grace St. and Walnut St., Wilmington, NC
Status: No longer standing
Type:
  • Commercial

American National Bank Building (Wilmington, New Hanover County)

New Hanover Wilmington

1909

Contributors:
Dates: 1909
Location: Wilmington, New Hanover County
Street Address: 113 N. Front St., Wilmington, NC
Status: No longer standing
Type:
  • Commercial

Germania Hall (Wilmington, New Hanover County)

New Hanover Wilmington

1909

Contributors:
Dates: 1909-1910
Location: Wilmington, New Hanover County
Street Address: 28 S. Front St., Wilmington, NC
Status: No longer standing
Type:
  • Fraternal

Wilmington Municipal Building (Wilmington, New Hanover County)

New Hanover Wilmington

1909

Contributors:
Dates: 1909
Location: Wilmington, New Hanover County
Street Address: SW corner 4th St. and Princess St., Wilmington, NC
Status: No longer standing
Type:
  • Public

J.W. Murchison and Co. Hardware (Wilmington, New Hanover County)

New Hanover Wilmington

1911

Contributors:
Dates: 1911-1912
Location: Wilmington, New Hanover County
Street Address: 109-111 N. Front St., Wilmington, NC
Status: No longer standing
Type:
  • Commercial

Apartments (Wilmington, New Hanover County)

New Hanover Wilmington

1912

Contributors:
Dates: 1912
Location: Wilmington, New Hanover County
Street Address: 709 Princess St., Wilmington, NC
Status: No longer standing
Type:
  • Residential

D.L. Gore Garage (Wilmington, New Hanover County)

New Hanover Wilmington

1912

Contributors:
Dates: 1912 [addition]
Location: Wilmington, New Hanover County
Street Address: 3rd between Market St. and Princess St., Wilmington, NC
Status: No longer standing
Type:
  • Commercial

Bachelor Girls' Residence (Wilmington, New Hanover County)

New Hanover Wilmington

1913

Contributors:
Dates: 1913
Location: Wilmington, New Hanover County
Street Address: 8 N. 4th St., Wilmington, NC
Status: No longer standing
Type:
  • Residential

Grand Theater (Wilmington, New Hanover County)

New Hanover Wilmington

1878

Contributors:
Dates: 1878 [MacRae Iron Front Building]; 1913 [Grand Theater]
Location: Wilmington, New Hanover County
Street Address: 25 N. Front St., Wilmington, NC
Status: No longer standing
Type:
  • Commercial
Note:

The theater installed by Bonitz inside the MacRae Iron Front Building (built in 1878) has been removed from the building.

Chapman Alexander Tabernacle (Wilmington, New Hanover County)

New Hanover Wilmington

1916

Contributors:
Dates: 1916
Location: Wilmington, New Hanover County
Street Address: S. side 400 block Castle St., Wilmington, NC
Status: No longer standing
Type:
  • Religious

New Way Market (Wilmington, New Hanover County)

New Hanover Wilmington

1918

Contributors:
Dates: 1918
Location: Wilmington, New Hanover County
Street Address: Wilmington, NC
Status: Unknown
Type:
  • Commercial

Reigel Sack Warehouse (Wilmington, New Hanover County)

New Hanover Wilmington

1920

Contributors:
Dates: 1920
Location: Wilmington, New Hanover County
Street Address: 3rd St. and Kidder St., Wilmington, NC
Status: No longer standing
Type:
  • Commercial

Charles Wallace House (Morehead City, Carteret County)

Carteret Morehead City

1907

Contributors:
Dates: 1907
Location: Morehead City, Carteret County
Street Address: 800 Arendell St., Morehead City, NC
Status: No longer standing
Type:
  • Residential

Littleton Baptist Church (Littleton, Warren County)

Warren Littleton

1909

Contributors:
Dates: 1909
Location: Littleton, Warren County
Street Address: 108 Mosby Ave., Littleton, NC
Status: Standing
Type:
  • Religious

Clarendon Hotel (Southport, Brunswick County)

Brunswick Southport

1918

Contributors:
Dates: 1918
Location: Southport, Brunswick County
Street Address: Fort Johnson vicinity, Southport, NC
Status: Unbuilt
Type:
  • Commercial
Note:

The Wilmington Messenger of March 17, 1918, carried an advertisement and Bonitz's drawing (illustrated here) promoting the Clarendon Hotel to have been built in Southport facing Fort Johnson. It was never built. This is one of the few examples of Bonitz's architectural drawings.

Clarendon Hotel

Henry E. Bonitz's Work Locations

Bibliography

  • Catherine W. Bishir and Michael T. Southern, A Guide to the Historic Architecture of Eastern North Carolina (1996).
  • Catherine W. Bishir and Michael T. Southern, A Guide to the Historic Architecture of Piedmont North Carolina (2003).
  • Susan Taylor Block, Cape Fear Beaches (2000).
  • Susan Taylor Block, Cape Fear Lost (1999).
  • Bonitz family files in the possession of John H. Bonitz, Jr.
  • "Henry E. Bonitz Dies at Hospital After a Very Short Illness", Wilmington Morning Star, Mar. 28, 1921.
  • "Bonitz, Henry Emil," History of North Carolina, Vol. V (1919).
  • Marvin A. Brown, Our Enduring Past: An Architectural History of Lincoln County (1986).
  • Michael Cotter, ed., The Architectural Heritage of Greenville, North Carolina (1988).
  • Gayle Hicks Fripp, Greensboro, Vol. II: Neighborhoods (1998).
  • Historic Wilmington Foundation, http://www.historicwilmington.org.
  • Richard Leonard Mattson, The History and Architecture of Nash County, North Carolina (1987).
  • Norfolk and Portsmouth Herald, various issues.
  • North Carolina Board of Architecture, Record Book 1915-1992. Microfilmed by North Carolina State Archives, Raleigh, North Carolina.
  • J. Daniel Pezzoni, The Architectural History of Richmond County, North Carolina (2007).
  • J. Daniel Pezzoni, The Architectural History of Onslow County (1998).
  • J. Daniel Pezzoni and Penne Smith, Glimpses of Wayne County, North Carolina: An Architectural History (1998).
  • William Reaves Files, New Hanover County Public Library, Wilmington, North Carolina.
  • Emma G.B. Richardson and Thomas C. Richardson, Illustrated History of Aberdeen (1976).
  • Edward F. Turberg, ed., Historic Architecture of New Hanover County, North Carolina (1986).
  • K. Blake Tyner, Robeson County in Vintage Postcards (2005).
  • Tony P. Wrenn, Wilmington, North Carolina: An Architectural and Historical Portrait (1984).
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