North Carolina Architects and Builders - A Biographical Dictionary

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Wheeler, Oliver Duke (1864-1942)

Birthplace: Freedom, New York, USA
Residences:
  • Charlotte, North Carolina
  • Atlanta, Georgia
Trades:
  • Architect
NC Work Locations:
  • Burlington, Alamance County
  • Alamance
  • Wadesboro, Anson County
  • Anson
  • Jefferson, Ashe County
  • Ashe
  • Avery County
  • Avery
  • Newland, Avery County
  • Avery
  • Cabarrus County
  • Cabarrus
  • Concord, Cabarrus County
  • Cabarrus
  • Lenoir, Caldwell County
  • Caldwell
  • Shelby, Cleveland County
  • Cleveland
  • Fayetteville, Cumberland County
  • Cumberland
  • Kenansville, Duplin County
  • Duplin
  • Durham, Durham County
  • Durham
  • Winston-Salem, Forsyth County
  • Forsyth
  • Greensboro, Guilford County
  • Guilford
  • Halifax, Halifax County
  • Halifax
  • Weldon, Halifax County
  • Halifax
  • Statesville, Iredell County
  • Iredell
  • Charlotte, Mecklenburg County
  • Mecklenburg
  • Asheboro, Randolph County
  • Randolph
  • Wentworth, Rockingham County
  • Rockingham
  • Salisbury, Rowan County
  • Rowan
  • Laurinburg, Scotland County
  • Scotland
  • Danbury, Stokes County
  • Stokes
  • Monroe, Union County
  • Union
  • Boone, Watauga County
  • Watauga
  • Wilkesboro, Wilkes County
  • Wilkes
Building Types:
  • Commercial;
  • Public;
  • Religious;
  • Residential
Styles & Forms:
  • Beaux-Arts;
  • Colonial Revival;
  • Gothic Revival

Biography

Oliver Duke Wheeler (May 21, 1864-October 27, 1942), was an architect who with his sequence of partners and associates—Luke Hayden, Louis E. Schwend, James M. McMichael, Neil Runge, D. Anderson Dickey, and others—had a long career in North Carolina and one of the state's most prolific practices of the day. Headquartered in Charlotte from 1899 onward, Wheeler's firms were especially well known for their economical classical courthouses of similar designs, but they also planned a wide variety of other buildings. Wheeler's firms also did extensive work in South Carolina. Of their many commissions, including a large number reported in the Manufacturers' Record, only a small proportion have been identified.

Oliver Duke Wheeler was born in Freedom, New York, a son of farmers William and Eliza Wheeler, who had migrated to America from Wales. In 1886 young Wheeler moved to Atlanta to work in the construction business, and in the same year he married Alice Carter from Russell County, Virginia. He later married Nannie Crenshaw, who outlived him. Throughout his career, first in Atlanta and then in Charlotte, Wheeler exhibited a pattern of forming architectural partnerships that were highly productive but short-lived. Except for the untimely death of his young associate Louis E. Schwend, the reasons for the frequent turnover of business partners are not known. Like other architects of the era, Wheeler and his associates kept their names in front of the public in the Manufacturers' Record and other publications. From time to time, the firm would send in an impressive roster of projects for which they had "completed plans," but it is not certain how many of these were actually constructed.

Wheeler's first partnership came when he established an architectural firm in Atlanta with Luke Hayden, probably in the 1890s. The commission for Trinity Methodist Church in Charlotte brought the partners to the Queen City: The Manufacturers' Record of April 15, 1898, noted that Charlotte's Trinity M. E. congregation had adopted plans by Hayden and Wheeler of Atlanta.

Seeing the opportunities of the New South capital of the Carolinas, Hayden and Wheeler moved their main office to Charlotte in April, 1899, and took Louis E. Schwend (1875-1900) as a third partner. Like C. C. Hook and others, they moved to a business and industrial center on the verge of explosive growth. They captured a plum project: the Manufacturers' Record of July 21, 1899, reported that Hayden, Wheeler, and Schwend had drawn plans for a 6-story office building of the Charlotte Consolidated Construction Company (the "4C's"), and in December, 1899, the firm reported that they had drawn plans for a 2-story, stone and terra cotta office building for the same firm. The 4C's was a dynamic young company, which developed the new Charlotte suburb of Dilworth and many other ventures. One of its leaders was Edward Dilworth Latta, for whom Dilworth was named. (Latta also employed architect C. C. Hook to plan residences and other Dilworth buildings.) During 1899, Hayden, Wheeler, and Schwend placed many notices in the Manufacturers' Record of plans they had drawn for clients in Charlotte and various other towns. How many of these were built is unknown. Their notices appeared alongside Hook's, whose firms' geographic range often overlapped with Wheeler's.

Like other firms, Wheeler's office sometimes submitted designs that were not selected by the clients: for example, the firm submitted (and illustrated in their promotional publication) a classically detailed courthouse for Alexander County in 1899, but the county's leaders actually built a simpler courthouse planned by the B. F. Smith Fireproofing Company, a popular firm in the state.

Although Louis Schwend worked with Hayden and Wheeler only briefly, he had a lasting influence on Wheeler's firms' production. As related by Robert M. Topkins and Joe A. Mobley, in 1899 Schwend represented the firm in the winning design for the Iredell County Courthouse in Statesville. He produced a bold and classically inspired design, presented when tastes were beginning to shift from the eclectic to the classical. The Charlotte Daily Observer stated, "The design is quite a credit to young Mr. Schwend, who won it in hot competition." Although in 1900 Schwend, identified as an architect and native of Ohio, was boarding with the Wheeler family, he subsequently returned to his native Cincinnati where he died in November. For several years, Wheeler and his partners used Schwend's courthouse design in many counties across the state over the years, repeating the symmetrical but lively composition with central portico, mansard-like dome, and stepped back façade. The basic design could be more or less costly depending on local budget and preferences.

In about 1900 the firm of Hayden, Wheeler, and Schwend published a promotional booklet entitled "Modern Buildings," which indicated that they had branch offices in Greensboro, N. C., and Columbia, S. C., as well as the main office in Charlotte. Following Schwend's death in November 1900, subsequent editions of the publication reflected the rapid changes in Wheeler's firms: in about 1902 Wheeler and McMichael inserted their name, and in about 1903 Wheeler and Runge stamped the book with their firm name as "successor firm" to the original authors.

After 1900, Hayden, Wheeler, and Company had offices in Greensboro and Columbia. Wheeler also opened his own practice in Charlotte in 1901, and he moved there permanently by 1902. There Wheeler formed a brief partnership (1901-1902) with James M. McMichael, who soon went on to his own long and prolific practice. In 1903 Wheeler joined with Neil Runge to form Wheeler, Runge, and Company, and in 1905 the firm added another associate, D. Anderson Dickey, as Wheeler, Runge, and Dickey. These three opened an office in Nashville, Tennessee, by 1907. In 1908, however, Runge and Dickey formed their own firm in Nashville. The following year C. F. Galliher and Eugene John Stern joined Wheeler in yet another partnership. Galliher left in 1909, after only ten months, to join Runge and Dickey in Nashville. Eugene J. Stern, originally from Austria-Hungary, had studied architecture in New York. At long last, Wheeler had a lasting partnership, and Wheeler and Stern operated successfully in Charlotte until the onset of World War I. Although Wheeler lived until 1942, and was listed as an architect living in Charlotte in 1930, little is known of his work after his partnership with Stern ended.

Throughout Wheeler's many partnerships, the firms' work encompassed a wide range of building types, styles, and locations. They geared popular styles to suit the budgets and tastes of the clients in small towns and cities. Their numerous public and commercial projects included not only courthouses, but also churches, schools, orphanages, county jails, theaters, and commercial buildings. Their residential work included a few houses in late Queen Anne style, but Wheeler's firms generally favored the popular "Southern Colonial" style, as exemplified by the James H. Lee House (1912-1914), built for a leading businessman in Monroe. As in their courthouses, Wheeler and his partners developed a standard and widely accepted basic design—their Colonial Revival houses could vary in size and elaboration but normally featured a broad central passage, a colossal portico, and a veranda extending into a porte cochere.

Certainly the Wheeler firms' best-known works in North Carolina are their nine county courthouses built from 1899 to 1913. They were based on Schwend's Beaux-Arts design of the Iredell County Courthouse, which appealed to county commissioners seeking facilities of modern, convenient, classical design and reasonable cost in a period of rapid courthouse construction. Such edifices were erected in Ashe, Avery, Caldwell, Randolph, Scotland, Stokes, Watauga, and Wilkes Counties. The courthouses in Caldwell, Scotland and Watauga were razed in the 1960s, but the other six still stand. The clients for the Wilkes County Courthouse (1902) wrote, "We think this courthouse is point of size, convenience and price decidedly best suited to our ability and wants. . . . we are reliably informed [that it is] the best and most convenient cheap courthouse in the state."

Wheeler took an active role in promoting and organizing the architectural profession in North Carolina. The Wilmington Star reported on December 29, 1900, that "O.D. Wheeler was elected to the executive committee of the newly organized Southeastern Architectural League, at Charlotte." He was also active in the successor North Carolina Architectural Association, which was organized in 1906 at Wrightsville Beach. When the North Carolina chapter of the American Institute of Architects was formed in 1913, Wheeler and other architects (including prominent Charlotteans) declined to join the AIA (in part because of regional differences, in part because of restrictions on fee structure), and continued their NCAA activities. In 1940 the NCAA and the NCAIA merged.

At Wheeler's death, the Charlotte Observer (October 29, 1942) recalled that he had been one of the city's most prominent architects. He had come to Charlotte, the paper reported, "to direct the building of the old Trinity Methodist Church" at South Tryon and Second Streets, and had overseen construction of "numerous churches, hospitals, and public buildings throughout Georgia and the Carolinas."

The following is a chronology of Wheeler's partnerships, all of which were headquartered mainly in Charlotte except Hayden and Wheeler, which was formed in Atlanta: Hayden and Wheeler (before 1899); Hayden, Wheeler, and Schwend (1899-1900); Hayden, Wheeler, and Company (1901); Wheeler, McMichael, and Company (1901-1902); Wheeler, Runge, and Company (1903-1905); Wheeler, Runge, and Dickey (1905-1908); Wheeler, Galliher, and Stern (1908-1909); Wheeler and Stern (1909-late 1910s).

The building lists for Wheeler and his firms cover chiefly the early years of Wheeler's career, as cited in the Manufacturer's Record up to 1910 (from notes by Michelle Michael, as listed in "The Rise of the Regional Architect"). Many of these indicate only that the firm had drawn plans, without any indication of whether those plans were selected, a contract let, or the building actually constructed. These included numerous buildings in Charlotte, Fayetteville, High Point, Monroe, Statesville, and elsewhere. The building list is selective, encompassing the firms' best known buildings and a representative sampling of others for which there is information about construction, location, and status. More research, drawing especially on the Manufacturers' Record from 1910 onward, will doubtless uncover and confirm additional attributions.

Author: William B. Bushong. Update: Angie Clifton, Catherine W. Bishir, and Catherine Westergaard.

Published 2009

Building List

First National Bank (Burlington, Alamance County)

Alamance Burlington

1909

Contributors:
Dates: 1909
Location: Burlington, Alamance County
Street Address: Main St. at Front St., Burlington, NC
Status: No longer standing
Type:
  • Commercial
Images Published In:
  • Allison Harris Black, An Architectural History of Burlington, North Carolina (1987).

Anson County Courthouse (Wadesboro, Anson County)

Anson Wadesboro

1914

Contributors:
Dates: 1914
Location: Wadesboro, Anson County
Street Address: Courthouse Square, Wadesboro, NC
Status: Standing
Type:
  • Public
Images Published In:
  • Catherine W. Bishir and Michael T. Southern, A Guide to the Historic Architecture of Piedmont North Carolina (2003).
Note:

The Anson County Courthouse, with a long, Doric portico set in antis, is the only one of Wheeler and partners' North Carolina courthouses that deviates from the formula established in the Iredell County Courthouse.

Anson County Courthouse

Ashe County Courthouse (Jefferson, Ashe County)

Ashe Jefferson

1904

Contributors:
Dates: 1904
Location: Jefferson, Ashe County
Street Address: Main St., Jefferson, NC
Status: Standing
Type:
  • Public
Images Published In:
  • Catherine W. Bishir, Michael T. Southern, and Jennifer F. Martin, A Guide to the Historic Architecture of Western North Carolina (1999).

Ashe County Courthouse

Avery County Courthouse (Avery County)

Avery

1913

Contributors:
Dates: 1913
Location: Avery County
Street Address: Montezuma St. and Courthouse Dr., Newland, NC
Status: Standing
Type:
  • Public
Images Published In:
  • Catherine W. Bishir, Michael T. Southern, and Jennifer F. Martin, A Guide to the Historic Architecture of Western North Carolina (1999).

Avery County Courthouse

Avery County Jail (Avery County)

Avery

1912

Contributors:
Dates: 1912
Location: Avery County
Street Address: 1829 Schultz Cir., Newland, NC
Status: Standing
Type:
  • Public

E.T. Bost House (Cabarrus County)

Cabarrus

1905

Contributors:
Dates: 1905
Location: Cabarrus County
Street Address: Bost's Mill near Reed Mill Rd. and NC 200, Bost's Mill, NC
Status: Standing
Type:
  • Residential
Images Published In:
  • Peter R. Kaplan, The Historic Architecture of Cabarrus County, North Carolina (2004).

J.W. Cannon House (Concord, Cabarrus County)

Cabarrus Concord

1900

Contributors:
Dates: 1900
Location: Concord, Cabarrus County
Street Address: 65 N. Union St., Concord, NC
Status: Standing
Type:
  • Residential
Images Published In:
  • Peter R. Kaplan, The Historic Architecture of Cabarrus County, North Carolina (2004).

J.W. Cannon House

J.P. Allison Business Building (Concord, Cabarrus County)

Cabarrus Concord

1904

Contributors:
Dates: 1904
Location: Concord, Cabarrus County
Street Address: N. Union St. at Franklin Ave., Concord, NC
Status: Standing
Type:
  • Commercial
Images Published In:
  • Peter R. Kaplan, The Historic Architecture of Cabarrus County, North Carolina (2004).

Caldwell County Courthouse (Lenoir, Caldwell County)

Caldwell Lenoir

1905

Contributors:
Dates: 1905
Location: Lenoir, Caldwell County
Street Address: Main St., Lenoir, NC
Status: No longer standing
Type:
  • Public

First Baptist Church (Shelby, Cleveland County)

Cleveland Shelby

1910

Contributors:
Dates: 1910-1911
Location: Shelby, Cleveland County
Street Address: 120 N. Lafayette St., Shelby, NC
Status: Standing
Type:
  • Religious
Images Published In:
  • Brian R. Eades and J. Daniel Pezzoni, Architectural Perspectives of Cleveland County, North Carolina (2004).

First Baptist Church

Hay Street Methodist Church (Fayetteville, Cumberland County)

Cumberland Fayetteville

1907

Contributors:
Dates: 1907-1908
Location: Fayetteville, Cumberland County
Street Address: Intersection of Hay St., Old St., and Ray St., Fayetteville, NC
Status: Standing
Type:
  • Religious
Images Published In:
  • Catherine W. Bishir and Michael T. Southern, A Guide to the Historic Architecture of Eastern North Carolina (1996).

Hay Street Methodist Church

Duplin County Courthouse (Kenansville, Duplin County)

Duplin Kenansville

1911

Contributors:
Dates: 1911-1912
Location: Kenansville, Duplin County
Street Address: Courthouse Square, Kenansville, NC
Status: Standing
Type:
  • Public
Images Published In:
  • Catherine W. Bishir and Michael T. Southern, A Guide to the Historic Architecture of Eastern North Carolina (1996).

Duplin County Courthouse

Trinity College Library (Durham, Durham County)

Durham Durham

1902

Contributors:
Dates: 1902
Location: Durham, Durham County
Street Address: Trinity College Campus, Durham, NC
Status: No longer standing
Type:
  • Educational
Images Published In:
  • Claudia P. Roberts (Brown) and Diane E. Lea, The Durham Architectural and Historic Inventory (1982).
Note:

The photograph shows a portion of the Trinity College Campus (now the East Campus of Duke University). The building in the right foreground is the Craven Memorial Bulding designed by Hook and Sawyer. Behind it, the domed building is the Trinity College Library by Hayden, Wheeler, and Schwend.

Trinity College Library

West End Methodist Episcopal Church (Winston-Salem, Forsyth County)

Forsyth Winston-Salem

1910

Contributors:
Dates: 1910-1913
Location: Winston-Salem, Forsyth County
Street Address: Brookstown Ave., Winston-Salem, NC
Status: No longer standing
Type:
  • Religious
Images Published In:
  • Molly Grogan Rawls, Winston-Salem in Vintage Postcards (2004).
Note:

The church burned in March 1947.

West End Methodist Episcopal Church

Guilford County Jail (Greensboro, Guilford County)

Guilford Greensboro

1899

Contributors:
Dates: 1899
Location: Greensboro, Guilford County
Street Address: Courthouse Square, Greensboro, NC
Status: No longer standing
Type:
  • Public

Halifax County Courthouse (Halifax, Halifax County)

Halifax Halifax

1909

Contributors:
Dates: 1909
Location: Halifax, Halifax County
Street Address: Courthouse Square, Halifax, NC
Status: Standing
Type:
  • Public
Images Published In:
  • Catherine W. Bishir and Michael T. Southern, A Guide to the Historic Architecture of Eastern North Carolina (1996).

Halifax County Courthouse

Weldon Methodist Church (Weldon, Halifax County)

Halifax Weldon

1910

Contributors:
Dates: 1910-1911
Location: Weldon, Halifax County
Street Address: Washington St. and Fifth St., Weldon, NC
Status: Standing
Type:
  • Religious

Iredell County Courthouse (Statesville, Iredell County)

Iredell Statesville

1899

Contributors:
Dates: 1899-1900
Location: Statesville, Iredell County
Street Address: Center St. at Court St., Statesville, NC
Status: Standing
Type:
  • Public
Images Published In:
  • Catherine W. Bishir and Michael T. Southern, A Guide to the Historic Architecture of Piedmont North Carolina (2003).
Note:

This courthouse, designed by Louis Schwend, became the prototype for many other courthouses designed by Wheeler and his partners in North Carolina.

Iredell County Courthouse

Statesville Loan and Trust (Statesville, Iredell County)

Iredell Statesville

1905

Variant Name(s):
  • Commercial National Bank
Contributors:
Dates: 1905-1908
Location: Statesville, Iredell County
Street Address: 116 S. Center St., Statesville, NC
Status: Standing
Type:
  • Commercial
Note:

The Manufacturers' Record (Oct. 26, 1905) announced that Wheeler, Runge, and Dickey had drawn plans for the Statesville Loan and Trust building. Its tan brick and neoclassical details harmonize with their neighboring Iredell County Courthouse.

Statesville Loan and Trust

Iredell County Jail (Statesville, Iredell County)

Iredell Statesville

1909

Contributors:
Dates: 1909
Location: Statesville, Iredell County
Street Address: 122 S. Meeting St., Statesville, NC
Status: Standing
Type:
  • Public

Trinity Methodist Church (Charlotte, Mecklenburg County)

Mecklenburg Charlotte

1898

Contributors:
Dates: 1898-1899
Location: Charlotte, Mecklenburg County
Street Address: S. Tryon St., Charlotte, NC
Status: No longer standing
Type:
  • Religious
Images Published In:
  • Mary Norton Kratt and Mary Manning Boyer, Remembering Charlotte: Postcards from a New South City, 1905-1950 (2000).
Note:

The Trinity Methodist Church was the project that brought Wheeler and his partners Hayden and Schwend [Louis E. Schwend] to Charlotte.

Charlotte Consolidated Construction Company (4Cs) Office (Charlotte, Mecklenburg County)

Mecklenburg Charlotte

1899

Contributors:
Dates: 1899
Location: Charlotte, Mecklenburg County
Street Address: Charlotte, NC
Status: No longer standing
Type:
  • Commercial
Images Published In:
  • Mary Norton Kratt and Mary Manning Boyer, Remembering Charlotte: Postcards from a New South City, 1905-1950 (2000).
Note:

The Charlotte Consolidated Construction Company Building is the first building on the left in the postcard.

Charlotte Consolidated Construction Company (4Cs) Office

Tompkins Tower (Charlotte, Mecklenburg County)

Mecklenburg Charlotte

1903

Contributors:
Dates: Ca. 1903
Location: Charlotte, Mecklenburg County
Street Address: S. Church St., Charlotte, NC
Status: No longer standing
Type:
  • Commercial
Images Published In:
  • Mary Norton Kratt and Mary Manning Boyer, Remembering Charlotte: Postcards from a New South City, 1905-1950 (2000).

Grace A. M. E. Zion Church (Charlotte, Mecklenburg County)

Mecklenburg Charlotte

1900

Contributors:
Dates: 1900-1902
Location: Charlotte, Mecklenburg County
Street Address: 219 S. Brevard St., Charlotte, NC
Status: Standing
Type:
  • Religious
Images Published In:
  • Catherine W. Bishir, North Carolina Architecture (1990).
  • Catherine W. Bishir and Michael T. Southern, A Guide to the Historic Architecture of Piedmont North Carolina (2003).
Note:

Contractor William W. Smith was a leading member of the congregation, which was formed in 1886.

Grace A. M. E. Zion Church

Carnegie Library (Charlotte, Mecklenburg County)

Mecklenburg Charlotte

1901

Variant Name(s):
  • Charlotte Public Library
Contributors:
Dates: 1901-1903
Location: Charlotte, Mecklenburg County
Street Address: 310 N. Tryon St., Charlotte, NC
Status: No longer standing
Type:
  • Public
Images Published In:
  • Mary Norton Kratt and Mary Manning Boyer, Remembering Charlotte: Postcards from a New South City, 1905-1950 (2000).
Note:

The library is shown on the right, and First Baptist Church on the left.

Carnegie Library

Belk Department Store (Charlotte, Mecklenburg County)

Mecklenburg Charlotte

1908

Contributors:
Dates: 1908-1910
Location: Charlotte, Mecklenburg County
Street Address: 115 East Trade St., Charlotte, NC
Status: No longer standing
Type:
  • Commercial
Images Published In:
  • Mary Norton Kratt and Mary Manning Boyer, Remembering Charlotte: Postcards from a New South City, 1905-1950 (2000).

Fire Station No. 2 (Charlotte, Mecklenburg County)

Mecklenburg Charlotte

1908

Variant Name(s):
  • Dilworth Fire Station
Contributors:
Dates: 1908-1909
Location: Charlotte, Mecklenburg County
Street Address: 1212 South Blvd., Charlotte, NC
Status: Standing
Type:
  • Public

Tranquil Park Sanitarium (Charlotte, Mecklenburg County)

Mecklenburg Charlotte

1916

Contributors:
Dates: 1916
Location: Charlotte, Mecklenburg County
Street Address: 2800 Selwyn Ave., Charlotte, NC
Status: No longer standing
Type:
  • Health Care
Images Published In:
  • Mary Norton Kratt and Mary Manning Boyer, Remembering Charlotte: Postcards from a New South City, 1905-1950 (2000).

Randolph County Courthouse (Asheboro, Randolph County)

Randolph Asheboro

1908

Contributors:
Dates: 1908-1909
Location: Asheboro, Randolph County
Street Address: 145 Worth St., Asheboro, NC
Status: Standing
Type:
  • Public
Images Published In:
  • Catherine W. Bishir and Michael T. Southern, A Guide to the Historic Architecture of Piedmont North Carolina (2003).

Randolph County Courthouse

Rockingham County Jail (Wentworth, Rockingham County)

Rockingham Wentworth

1910

Contributors:
Dates: 1910
Location: Wentworth, Rockingham County
Street Address: NC 65, Wentworth, NC
Status: Standing
Type:
  • Public
Images Published In:
  • Catherine W. Bishir and Michael T. Southern, A Guide to the Historic Architecture of Piedmont North Carolina (2003).

Rockingham County Jail

Yadkin Hotel (Salisbury, Rowan County)

Rowan Salisbury

1913

Contributors:
Dates: 1913; 1922 [addition]
Location: Salisbury, Rowan County
Street Address: Depot St. and Council St., Salisbury, NC
Status: Standing
Type:
  • Commercial
Images Published In:
  • Davyd Foard Hood, The Architecture of Rowan County North Carolina: A Catalogue and History of Surviving 18th, 19th, and Early 20th Century Structures (1983).

Yadkin Hotel

Scotland County Courthouse and Jail (Laurinburg, Scotland County)

Scotland Laurinburg

1901

Contributors:
Dates: 1901
Location: Laurinburg, Scotland County
Street Address: Courthouse Square, Laurinburg, NC
Status: No longer standing
Type:
  • Public

Scotland County Courthouse and Jail

Stokes County Courthouse (Danbury, Stokes County)

Stokes Danbury

1903

Contributors:
Dates: 1903-1904
Location: Danbury, Stokes County
Street Address: Main St., Danbury, NC
Status: Standing
Type:
  • Public
Images Published In:
  • Catherine W. Bishir and Michael T. Southern, A Guide to the Historic Architecture of Piedmont North Carolina (2003).

Stokes County Courthouse

A.L. Dearing Residence (Monroe, Union County)

Union Monroe

1903

Contributors:
Dates: 1903-1905
Location: Monroe, Union County
Street Address: 108 W. Houston St., Monroe, NC
Status: Standing
Type:
  • Residential
Images Published In:
  • Mary Ann Lee, An Inventory of Historic Architecture: Monroe, N.C. (1978).

St. Paul's Episcopal Church (Monroe, Union County)

Union Monroe

1911

Contributors:
Dates: 1911
Location: Monroe, Union County
Street Address: 116 S. Church St., Monroe, NC
Status: Standing
Type:
  • Religious
Images Published In:
  • Suzanne S. Pickens, ed., Sweet Union: An Architectural and Historical Survey of Union County, North Carolina (1990).

James H. Lee House (Monroe, Union County)

Union Monroe

1912

Contributors:
Dates: 1912-1914
Location: Monroe, Union County
Street Address: 501 S. Church St., Monroe, NC
Status: Standing
Type:
  • Residential
Images Published In:
  • Catherine W. Bishir, North Carolina Architecture (1990).
  • Catherine W. Bishir and Michael T. Southern, A Guide to the Historic Architecture of Piedmont North Carolina (2003).
  • Suzanne S. Pickens, ed., Sweet Union: An Architectural and Historical Survey of Union County, North Carolina (1990).

James H. Lee House

Thomas C. Lee House (Monroe, Union County)

Union Monroe

1914

Contributors:
Dates: 1914
Location: Monroe, Union County
Street Address: 810 E. Franklin St., Monroe, NC
Status: Standing
Type:
  • Residential
Images Published In:
  • Suzanne S. Pickens, ed., Sweet Union: An Architectural and Historical Survey of Union County, North Carolina (1990).

Hotel Joffre (Monroe, Union County)

Union Monroe

1917

Contributors:
Dates: 1917-1919
Location: Monroe, Union County
Street Address: 301 N. Main St., Monroe, NC
Status: No longer standing
Type:
  • Commercial
Images Published In:
  • Suzanne S. Pickens, ed., Sweet Union: An Architectural and Historical Survey of Union County, North Carolina (1990).
Note:

The Charlotte Observer of June 23, 1996, reported the demolition of the hotel.

Watauga County Courthouse (Boone, Watauga County)

Watauga Boone

1904

Contributors:
Dates: 1904
Location: Boone, Watauga County
Street Address: Courthouse Square, Boone, NC
Status: No longer standing
Type:
  • Public

Watauga County Courthouse

Wilkes County Courthouse (Wilkesboro, Wilkes County)

Wilkes Wilkesboro

1902

Contributors:
Dates: 1902
Location: Wilkesboro, Wilkes County
Street Address: E. Main St. at N. Bridge St., Wilkesboro, NC
Status: Standing
Type:
  • Public
Images Published In:
  • Catherine W. Bishir, Michael T. Southern, and Jennifer F. Martin, A Guide to the Historic Architecture of Western North Carolina (1999).
Note:

In a time-honored practice, the Wilkes County building committee visited courthouses in Laurinburg and Statesville (both by Wheeler's firm) and selected that design model, the architect, and even the same builder, L.W. Cooper and Company of Charlotte.

Wilkes County Courthouse

Oliver Duke Wheeler's Work Locations

Bibliography

  • Catherine W. Bishir, North Carolina Architecture (1990).
  • Catherine W. Bishir and Michael T. Southern, A Guide to the Historic Architecture of Eastern North Carolina (1996).
  • Catherine W. Bishir and Michael T. Southern, A Guide to the Historic Architecture of Piedmont North Carolina (2003).
  • Catherine W. Bishir, Michael T. Southern, and Jennifer F. Martin, A Guide to the Historic Architecture of Western North Carolina (1999).
  • Charlotte Vestal Brown Papers, Special Collections Research Center, North Carolina State University Libraries, Raleigh, North Carolina.
  • Charlotte News, Oct. 28, 1942.
  • Brian R. Eades and J. Daniel Pezzoni, Architectural Perspectives of Cleveland County, North Carolina (2004).
  • Sidney Halma, Catawba County: An Architectural History (1990).
  • Peter R. Kaplan, The Historic Architecture of Cabarrus County, North Carolina (2004).
  • Mary Norton Kratt and Mary Manning Boyer, Remembering Charlotte: Postcards from a New South City, 1905-1950 (2000).
  • Michelle Ann Michael, "The Rise of the Regional Architect in North Carolina as Seen Through the Manufacturers' Record, 1890-1910," M. H. P. Thesis, University of Georgia (1994).
  • Kirk Franklin Mohney and Laura A. W. Phillips, From Tavern to Town: The Architectural History of Hickory, North Carolina (1988).
  • Claudia P. Roberts (Brown) and Diane E. Lea, The Durham Architectural and Historic Inventory (1982).
  • Robert M. Topkins and Joe A. Mobley, "Design for a Decade: Louis E. Schwend and the Iredell County Courthouse of 1900," Carolina Comments (Nov., 1990).
  • John E. Wells and Robert E. Dalton, The South Carolina Architects, 1885-1935: A Biographical Dictionary (1992).
  • Wilmington Star, Dec. 29, 1900.
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