Bonitz, Henry E. (1872-1921)

Henry Emil Bonitz (1872-1921), born in Goldsboro, North Carolina, of German parentage, established an extraordinarily prolific practice as an architect in Wilmington, with scores of projects in the port city and its environs, and many more in other towns and counties in North Carolina.

Henry Bonitz was a son of John Henry William Bonitz and Marie (Mary) Elise Stegner Bonitz. John, a native of Hannover, Germany, had immigrated to the United States about 1855 with his two brothers Henry and Julius. John worked briefly in Baltimore and then in Washington DC before moving to Goldsboro in 1859. In 1862 he married Marie Stegner (1845-1921), whose family he had met on board ship to America. He went into business in Goldsboro and was joined by his brother Julius, with whom he owned the Goldsboro newspaper, the Messenger. In 1886 or 1887 the Bonitz family moved to Wilmington, a city with an established German community, where they published the local Messenger for a time and operated the Bonitz Hotel at 2nd and Market Streets. (The hotel had been built as the Carolina Hotel in the 1840s by brothers Robert B. Wood and John C. Wood [see Wood Brothers].)

In Wilmington, young Henry Bonitz attended Tileston School before enrolling in 1889 at the newly established College of Agriculture and Mechanic Arts (present North Carolina State University) in Raleigh. In 1892, Bonitz “stood first in Mechanical Engineering,” and in 1893 he graduated in the first class of the college with the degree of bachelor of engineering.

After graduation, as noted in his obituary, Bonitz worked for a year and a half with the leading Wilmington architect-builder James F. Post (1818-1899) before inaugurating his own practice. From Post, Bonitz gained practical knowledge of the building industry as well as a greater understanding of the city of Wilmington. The first notice of Bonitz’s independent practice was an advertisement in the Wilmington newspaper in September 1894. He took a post-graduate course in Philadelphia in 1895.

Bonitz’s career was developing at the time when architectural professionalism was on the ascendancy in Wilmington and in the state. He was soon competing with other architects such as Charles McMillen, Burrett Stephens and Joseph F. Leitner. In the early 20th century, as noted by his grandson, John H. Bonitz, Jr., Henry Bonitz became one of the first licensed architects in North Carolina. His license certificate, dated July 16, 1915, was #46 as listed in the official registration book of the North Carolina Board of Architecture; he was among the early group of men who were licensed in the state based on their having been in professional practice prior to the licensing act of 1915.

Throughout his life, Bonitz’s German heritage served him well in encouraging a large patronage among German-descended clients, and his membership in St. Paul’s Lutheran Church opened doors for projects undertaken for the prosperous German communities in Wilmington and other towns in North and South Carolina. Especially notable are his many commissions for Lutheran and Reformed churches. When he married Kate C. Burnett at St. Andrew’s Presbyterian Church in 1898, he gained access to another large denomination of clients. The Bonitzes had four children: John Henry William, born October 19, 1898; Katherine Marie, born August 31, 1901; Marjorie, born June 24, 1905; and Katherine (Kathie), born June 22, 1913.

Bonitz had offices in several locations in Wilmington, beginning in the family’s Bonitz Hotel. From 1902 to 1905 he had his practice in the Chamber of Commerce building and then in the IOOF Building. From 1906 until his death, however, Bonitz had his office in his own building, the Henry E. Bonitz Office at 213 Princess Street, which features his insignia on the façade. His residential pattern followed a similar track, from living in the family hotel for the first seven years of his practice, then residing for two years at 213 N. 5th Avenue before moving into the house he remodeled for his family at 711 N. 7th Street.

Like most architects of his time, Bonitz developed his stylistic approach over the years. His first known independent work, the Woolvin-Warren House (1895, reflected the Italianate style favored by his first employer, James F. Post, in such features as the canopy porch and bracketed cornice, but it also incorporated elements of the coming Queen Anne style, including bands of colored glass surrounding the large plate glass windows and a spindled porch treatment.

Most of Bonitz’s 19th century residences display the Queen Anne style individualized by certain hallmarks, including a distinctive arrangement of small windows at the stair landings, and windows of varied shapes—square, rectangular, lozenge, circular, semicircular, and elliptical—some edged with colored glass. Around the turn of the 20th century, Bonitz like other architects shifted from the Queen Anne mode to a Neoclassical vocabulary, and by 1905 his houses typically displayed classical details. His 20th century commercial buildings often featured arched upper story windows and façades divided by classical pilasters, and he sometimes used cast iron pilasters at the street level to accentuate façades such as the J.H. Strauss Store (1914) in Wilmington. In his numerous church designs, he employed both Romanesque and Gothic Revival elements, typically rendered in strongly three-dimensional fashion with robust corbelling, buttresses, and towers. His Lutheran churches shared in the denomination’s propensity for red brick with vividly contrasting white accents emphasizing the bold forms.

For his masonry buildings, Bonitz employed brick from various suppliers. He was secretary-treasurer of Wilmington’s Hydraulic White Brick Company in 1901, and he used the company’s brick in 1902 for the Bank of Whiteville, and again in 1906 for the Monroe and Co. Furniture Store and the George R. French and Sons Store in Wilmington. A few years later, he used Borden brick, manufactured in his native Goldsboro, in the C.D. Maffitt Building (1912) in Wilmington and other works.

Because Bonitz’s family owned Wilmington’s newspaper, the Messenger, until 1908, the architect gained frequent publicity in the newspaper’s pages and thus generated an unusually full record of the buildings he designed. The Messenger reported chiefly on buildings that were actually built, but also mentioned designs that were only proposed. An example of the latter was the Masonic Temple on Front Street, for which Bonitz and Post both submitted designs, but the commission went to Charles McMillen, an architect from Minnesota who specialized in Masonic buildings.

Bonitz was active in professional and civic affairs throughout his career. He served as secretary of the North Carolina Institute of Architects in 1899; a member of the executive committee of the Southeast Architectural League in 1900; president of the Wilmington area’s chapter of the Agriculture and Mechanic Association (alumni of present NCSU) in 1914; grand secretary of the Knights of Pythias; and grand regent of the Royal Arcanum of North Carolina. He was secretary-treasurer of the Wilmington Stone and Construction Company and vice-president of the Wrightsville Beach and Suburban Development Company in 1907, for which he designed the large group of cottages the company built on Wrightsville Beach. Bonitz also held the position of building inspector of New Hanover County in 1905 and 1906.

About 1905 he began to take on apprentices and employees, many of whom became prominent in their own right. In May of 1905, the local newspaper noted that James Matthew Kennedy, who had been “connected with the office of Henry E. Bonitz,” was leaving for Raleigh to join the firm of William P. Rose and Harry P. S. Keller. Others of Bonitz’s apprentices and draftsmen included James L. Long of Hopkinsville, Kentucky; John D. Forbes of Baltimore; and William Michaelis of New York.

Henry Bonitz died at age 49, following an operation for kidney stones, at James Walker Memorial Hospital, a building where he had supervised construction. In his will, his benefactions showed a concern for children, especially orphans, in donations to four orphanages. According to his grandson, the architect’s original drawings were lost when his widow washed out his linen drawings to use for napkins and tablecloths. During his relatively short life, the hardworking Bonitz planned buildings in at least 37 of the 100 North Carolina counties. Of his 132 known works in New Hanover County, 53 are known to survive.

The following buildings are among those noted in newspapers and other sources as having been designed by Henry Bonitz, but they have not been further identified in terms of their addresses or status (standing or no longer standing). Further information is sought, and confirmed buildings will be added to the building list: H. C. Bridger House, Bladenboro (1909); N.E. Parker House, Southport (1907); Sen. J. A. Brown House, Chadbourn (1905); Moore and Conner, Inc. Ford Garage, Chadbourn (1917); Bank, Clarkton (1906); Methodist Church, Fair Bluff (1913); Bank of Whiteville, Vineland (1905); J. B. Schulken House, Whiteville (1902); School, Whiteville; IOOF Building, Fayetteville (1906); First National Bank, Fayetteville (1905-1906); James Sprunt Female Institute, Kenansville (1897); Bank, Warsaw (1903); J.W. Maddry House, Scotland Neck (1907); Dr. N.A. Thompson Sanitarium, Lillington (1905); Reformed Church, Lillington (1913); School, Antioch; Hinton and Koonce Store, Jacksonville (1901); Claude Gore House, Rockingham (1909); Baptist Church, Fairmont (1911); Hotel (possible), Chimney Rock (1901); J.T. Johns House, Johns (1909).

  • Catherine W. Bishir and Michael T. Southern, A Guide to the Historic Architecture of Eastern North Carolina (1996).
  • Catherine W. Bishir and Michael T. Southern, A Guide to the Historic Architecture of Piedmont North Carolina (2003).
  • Susan Taylor Block, Cape Fear Beaches (2000).
  • Susan Taylor Block, Cape Fear Lost (1999).
  • Bonitz family files in the possession of John H. Bonitz, Jr.
  • “Henry E. Bonitz Dies at Hospital After a Very Short Illness,” Wilmington Morning Star, Mar. 28, 1921.
  • “Bonitz, Henry Emil,” History of North Carolina, 5 (1919).
  • Marvin A. Brown, Our Enduring Past: An Architectural History of Lincoln County (1986).
  • Michael Cotter, ed., The Architectural Heritage of Greenville, North Carolina (1988).
  • Gayle Hicks Fripp, Greensboro, Vol. II: Neighborhoods (1998).
  • Historic Wilmington Foundation, http://www.historicwilmington.org.
  • Richard Leonard Mattson, The History and Architecture of Nash County, North Carolina (1987).
  • Norfolk and Portsmouth Herald, various issues.
  • North Carolina Board of Architecture, Record Book 1915-1992, microfilmed by North Carolina State Archives, Raleigh, North Carolina.
  • J. Daniel Pezzoni, The Architectural History of Richmond County, North Carolina (2007).
  • J. Daniel Pezzoni, The Architectural History of Onslow County (1998).
  • J. Daniel Pezzoni and Penne Smith, Glimpses of Wayne County, North Carolina: An Architectural History (1998).
  • William Reaves Files, New Hanover County Public Library, Wilmington, North Carolina.
  • Emma G.B. Richardson and Thomas C. Richardson, Illustrated History of Aberdeen (1976).
  • Edward F. Turberg, ed., Historic Architecture of New Hanover County, North Carolina (1986).
  • K. Blake Tyner, Robeson County in Vintage Postcards (2005).
  • Tony P. Wrenn, Wilmington, North Carolina: An Architectural and Historical Portrait (1984).
Sort Building List by:
  • A.D. Brown's Dry Goods

    Contributors:
    Henry E. Bonitz, architect
    Dates:

    1903

    Location:
    Wilmington, New Hanover County
    Street Address:

    29 N. Front St., Wilmington, NC

    Status:

    No longer standing

    Type:

    Commercial

    Images Published In:

    Susan Taylor Block, Cape Fear Lost (1999).


  • Aberdeen Graded School

    Contributors:
    Henry E. Bonitz, architect
    Dates:

    1913

    Location:
    Aberdeen, Moore County
    Street Address:

    High St. and Pine St., Aberdeen, NC

    Status:

    Unknown

    Type:

    Educational

    Images Published In:

    Emma G.B. Richardson and Thomas C. Richardson, Illustrated History of Aberdeen (1976).


  • Ahrens Building

    Contributors:
    Henry E. Bonitz, architect
    Dates:

    1907

    Location:
    Wilmington, New Hanover County
    Street Address:

    108-110 Market St., Wilmington, NC

    Status:

    Standing

    Type:

    Commercial

    Images Published In:

    Historic Wilmington Foundation, http://www.historicwilmington.org.


  • Alexander Sprunt and Sons Building

    Contributors:
    Henry E. Bonitz, architect; Kenneth M. Murchison, Jr., consulting architect
    Dates:

    1919

    Location:
    Wilmington, New Hanover County
    Street Address:

    321 N. Front St., Wilmington, NC

    Status:

    Standing

    Type:

    Commercial

    Images Published In:

    Tony P. Wrenn, Wilmington, North Carolina: An Architectural and Historical Portrait (1984).


  • American National Bank Building

    Contributors:
    Henry E. Bonitz, architect
    Dates:

    1909

    Location:
    Wilmington, New Hanover County
    Street Address:

    113 N. Front St., Wilmington, NC

    Status:

    No longer standing

    Type:

    Commercial


  • Apartments

    Contributors:
    Henry E. Bonitz, architect; Joseph Schad, contractor
    Dates:

    1912

    Location:
    Wilmington, New Hanover County
    Street Address:

    709 Princess St., Wilmington, NC

    Status:

    No longer standing

    Type:

    Residential


  • Bachelor Girls' Residence

    Contributors:
    Henry E. Bonitz, architect
    Dates:

    1913

    Location:
    Wilmington, New Hanover County
    Street Address:

    8 N. 4th St., Wilmington, NC

    Status:

    No longer standing

    Type:

    Residential


  • Bank of Onslow

    Contributors:
    Henry E. Bonitz, architect
    Dates:

    1916

    Location:
    Jacksonville, Onslow County
    Street Address:

    214 Old Bridge St., Jacksonville, NC

    Status:

    Standing

    Type:

    Commercial

    Images Published In:

    J. Daniel Pezzoni, The Architectural History of Onslow County (1998).


  • Bank of Whiteville

    Contributors:
    Henry E. Bonitz, architect
    Dates:

    1902

    Location:
    Whiteville, Columbus County
    Street Address:

    Court Sq., Whiteville, NC

    Status:

    Altered

    Type:

    Commercial


  • Baptist Church

    Contributors:
    Henry E. Bonitz, architect
    Dates:

    1907

    Location:
    Rockingham, Richmond County
    Street Address:

    NW corner Randolph St. and Green St., Rockingham, NC

    Status:

    No longer standing

    Type:

    Religious


  • Bartholomay Brewing Co.

    Contributors:
    Henry E. Bonitz, architect
    Dates:

    1896

    Location:
    Wilmington, New Hanover County
    Street Address:

    Nutt St. near Red Cross St., Wilmington, NC

    Status:

    No longer standing

    Type:

    Commercial


  • Bartram Quelch House

    Contributors:
    Henry E. Bonitz, architect
    Dates:

    1905

    Location:
    Wilmington, New Hanover County
    Street Address:

    606 Walnut St., Wilmington, NC

    Status:

    Standing

    Type:

    Residential

    Images Published In:

    Historic Wilmington Foundation, http://www.historicwilmington.org.


  • Brooklyn Baptist Church

    Contributors:
    Henry E. Bonitz, architect
    Dates:

    1900

    Location:
    Wilmington, New Hanover County
    Street Address:

    4th St. at Brunswick St., Wilmington, NC

    Status:

    No longer standing

    Type:

    Religious


  • Burgaw Auditorium and School

    Contributors:
    Henry E. Bonitz, architect; Robert H. Brady, builder
    Variant Name(s):

    Burgaw Middle School

    Dates:

    1917

    Location:
    Burgaw, Pender County
    Street Address:

    500 South Wright St., Burgaw, NC

    Status:

    Standing

    Type:

    Educational


  • C.D. Maffitt Building

    Contributors:
    Henry E. Bonitz, architect
    Dates:

    1912

    Location:
    Wilmington, New Hanover County
    Street Address:

    NE corner Water St. and Princess St., Wilmington, NC

    Status:

    No longer standing

    Type:

    Commercial

    Images Published In:

    Susan Taylor Block, Cape Fear Lost (1999).


  • C.W. Polvogt and Co.

    Contributors:
    Henry E. Bonitz, architect
    Dates:

    1897

    Location:
    Wilmington, New Hanover County
    Street Address:

    9 N. Front St., Wilmington, NC

    Status:

    No longer standing

    Type:

    Commercial


  • Captain E.D. Williams House

    Contributors:
    Henry E. Bonitz, supervising architect
    Dates:

    1900

    Location:
    Wilmington, New Hanover County
    Street Address:

    221 S 6th St., Wilmington, NC

    Status:

    Standing

    Type:

    Residential

    Images Published In:

    Historic Wilmington Foundation, http://www.historicwilmington.org.


  • Carolina Apartments

    Contributors:
    William Carter Bain, contractor; Henry E. Bonitz, supervising architect; Central Carolina Construction Company, contractors; L. K. Motz, architect; Robert L. Shape, architect
    Dates:

    1906-1907

    Location:
    Wilmington, New Hanover County
    Street Address:

    420 Market St., Wilmington, NC

    Status:

    Standing

    Type:

    Residential

    Images Published In:

    Catherine W. Bishir, North Carolina Architecture (1990).
    Catherine W. Bishir and Michael T. Southern, A Guide to the Historic Architecture of Eastern North Carolina (1996).
    Tony P. Wrenn, Wilmington, North Carolina: An Architectural and Historical Portrait (1984).


  • Carolina Beach Club

    Contributors:
    Henry E. Bonitz, architect
    Dates:

    1897

    Location:
    Carolina Beach, New Hanover County
    Street Address:

    Carolina Beach Strand, Carolina Beach, NC

    Status:

    No longer standing

    Type:

    Recreational


  • Carolina Beach Pavilion

    Contributors:
    W.B. Bevill, builder; Henry E. Bonitz, architect
    Dates:

    1911

    Location:
    Carolina Beach, New Hanover County
    Street Address:

    Carolina Beach Ave., North, between Cape Fear Blvd. and Raleigh St., Carolina Beach, NC

    Status:

    No longer standing

    Type:

    Recreational

    Images Published In:

    Susan Taylor Block, Cape Fear Lost (1999).


  • Carolina Ice Company

    Contributors:
    Henry E. Bonitz, architect
    Dates:

    1898 [expanded]

    Location:
    Wilmington, New Hanover County
    Street Address:

    Water St. at Dock St., Wilmington, NC

    Status:

    No longer standing

    Type:

    Commercial


  • Carolina Ice House

    Contributors:
    Henry E. Bonitz, architect
    Dates:

    1901

    Location:
    Wilmington, New Hanover County
    Street Address:

    Wilmington, NC

    Status:

    No longer standing

    Type:

    Commercial


  • Central Hotel

    Contributors:
    Henry E. Bonitz, architect
    Dates:

    1910

    Location:
    Hamlet, Richmond County
    Street Address:

    69 Main St., Hamlet, NC

    Status:

    Standing

    Type:

    Commercial

    Images Published In:

    J. Daniel Pezzoni, The Architectural History of Richmond County, North Carolina (2007).


  • Chapman Alexander Tabernacle

    Contributors:
    Henry E. Bonitz, architect
    Dates:

    1916

    Location:
    Wilmington, New Hanover County
    Street Address:

    S. side 400 block Castle St., Wilmington, NC

    Status:

    No longer standing

    Type:

    Religious


  • Charles Wallace House

    Contributors:
    Henry E. Bonitz, architect
    Dates:

    1907

    Location:
    Morehead City, Carteret County
    Street Address:

    800 Arendell St., Morehead City, NC

    Status:

    No longer standing

    Type:

    Residential


  • Chestnut Street Methodist Church

    Contributors:
    Henry E. Bonitz, architect
    Dates:

    1909

    Location:
    Lumberton, Robeson County
    Street Address:

    SE corner, Chestnut St. and 8th St., Lumberton, NC

    Status:

    No longer standing

    Type:

    Religious

    Images Published In:

    K. Blake Tyner, Robeson County in Vintage Postcards (2005).


  • City Hall-Thalian Hall

    Contributors:
    Henry E. Bonitz, architect (1901; 1904); Robert Finey, brickmason (1855-1858); William Finey, brickmason (1855-1858); Joseph Keen, overseer (1855-1858); James F. Post, supervising architect (1855-1858); Price Family, plasterer (1855-1858); John M. Trimble, architect (1855-1858); James Walker, foreman and general manager (1855-1858); Wood Brothers, builders (1855-1858); John C. Wood, builder (1855-1858); Robert B. Wood, builder (1855-1858)
    Dates:

    1855-1858; 1901; 1904

    Location:
    Wilmington, New Hanover County
    Street Address:

    102 N 3rd St., Wilmington, NC

    Status:

    Standing

    Type:

    Public

    Images Published In:

    Catherine W. Bishir, North Carolina Architecture (1990).
    Catherine W. Bishir and Michael T. Southern, A Guide to the Historic Architecture of Eastern North Carolina (1996).
    Tony P. Wrenn, Wilmington, North Carolina: An Architectural and Historical Portrait (1984).

    Note:

    In 1901 Henry E. Bonitz planned a redecoration of the clerk’s and treasurer’s office, and in 1904 he made major improvements to the theater in Thalian Hall to keep up with changing theater styles, comply with fire and safety regulations, and make repairs. Updated over the years, the imposing building continues as a civic landmark and still serves its original purposes. It has been the scene of many political events and notable theatrical performances.


  • Clarendon Hotel

    Contributors:
    Henry E. Bonitz, architect
    Dates:

    1918

    Location:
    Southport, Brunswick County
    Street Address:

    Fort Johnson vicinity, Southport, NC

    Status:

    Unbuilt

    Type:

    Commercial

    Note:

    The Wilmington Messenger of March 17, 1918, carried an advertisement and Bonitz’s drawing (illustrated here) promoting the Clarendon Hotel to have been built in Southport facing Fort Johnson. It was never built. This is one of the few examples of Bonitz’s architectural drawings.


  • Clarendon Yacht Club

    Contributors:
    Henry E. Bonitz, architect; A.B. Cook, contractor
    Dates:

    1895

    Location:
    Wrightsville Beach, New Hanover County
    Street Address:

    Wrightsville Beach, NC

    Status:

    No longer standing

    Type:

    Recreational

    Images Published In:

    Susan Taylor Block, Cape Fear Lost (1999).


  • Coca Cola Bottling Works

    Contributors:
    Henry E. Bonitz, architect
    Dates:

    1916

    Location:
    New Bern, Craven County
    Street Address:

    Middle St., New Bern, NC

    Status:

    No longer standing

    Type:

    Industrial


  • Consolidated Market and Fire Engine House #3

    Contributors:
    Henry E. Bonitz, architect; Robert H. Brady, builder
    Dates:

    1907

    Location:
    Wilmington, New Hanover County
    Street Address:

    602-604 N. 4th St., Wilmington, NC

    Status:

    Standing

    Type:

    Public

    Images Published In:

    Tony P. Wrenn, Wilmington, North Carolina: An Architectural and Historical Portrait (1984).


  • Corinth Reformed Church

    Contributors:
    Henry E. Bonitz, architect
    Dates:

    1909-1910

    Location:
    Hickory, Catawba County
    Street Address:

    Second St. and First Ave., NW, Hickory, NC

    Status:

    No longer standing

    Type:

    Religious


  • D.L. Gore Garage

    Contributors:
    Henry E. Bonitz, architect
    Dates:

    1912 [addition]

    Location:
    Wilmington, New Hanover County
    Street Address:

    3rd between Market St. and Princess St., Wilmington, NC

    Status:

    No longer standing

    Type:

    Commercial


  • DeRosset-Farriss House

    Contributors:
    Henry E. Bonitz, architect
    Dates:

    1898

    Location:
    Wilmington, New Hanover County
    Street Address:

    312 Ann St., Wilmington, NC

    Status:

    Standing

    Type:

    Residential

    Images Published In:

    Historic Wilmington Foundation, http://www.historicwilmington.org.


  • Ellerbe Springs Hotel

    Contributors:
    Henry E. Bonitz, architect; A.D. Dumas, builder
    Dates:

    1905

    Location:
    Ellerbe, Richmond County
    Street Address:

    2537 N. Highway 220, Ellerbe, NC

    Status:

    Standing

    Type:

    Commercial

    Images Published In:

    Catherine W. Bishir and Michael T. Southern, A Guide to the Historic Architecture of Piedmont North Carolina (2003).


  • Elliot-Brown House

    Contributors:
    Henry E. Bonitz, architect
    Dates:

    1898

    Location:
    Wilmington, New Hanover County
    Street Address:

    218 S 2nd St., Wilmington, NC

    Status:

    Standing

    Type:

    Residential

    Images Published In:

    Historic Wilmington Foundation, http://www.historicwilmington.org.


  • Emanuel Reformed Church

    Contributors:
    Henry E. Bonitz, architect
    Dates:

    1913

    Location:
    Lincolnton, Lincoln County
    Street Address:

    East Main St., Lincolnton, NC

    Status:

    Standing

    Type:

    Religious

    Images Published In:

    Marvin A. Brown, Our Enduring Past: An Architectural History of Lincoln County (1986).


  • F.E. Hashagen House

    Contributors:
    Henry E. Bonitz, architect; L.H. Vollers, builder
    Dates:

    1897

    Location:
    Wilmington, New Hanover County
    Street Address:

    517 Orange St., Wilmington, NC

    Status:

    Standing

    Type:

    Residential


  • F.H. Krahnke House

    Contributors:
    Henry E. Bonitz, architect
    Dates:

    1906

    Location:
    Wilmington, New Hanover County
    Street Address:

    111 Chestnut St., Wilmington, NC

    Status:

    No longer standing

    Type:

    Residential


  • First Baptist Church

    Contributors:
    Henry E. Bonitz, architect; H.S. Poole, contractor
    Dates:

    1909-1910

    Location:
    Spring Hope, Nash County
    Street Address:

    E. Nash St. and Walnut St., Spring Hope, NC

    Status:

    Standing

    Type:

    Religious

    Images Published In:

    Richard Leonard Mattson, The History and Architecture of Nash County, North Carolina (1987).


  • First Lutheran Church

    Contributors:
    Henry E. Bonitz, architect
    Dates:

    Ca. 1908

    Location:
    Albemarle, Stanly County
    Street Address:

    230 S. 2nd St., Albemarle, NC

    Status:

    Standing

    Type:

    Religious


  • First Lutheran Church

    Contributors:
    Henry E. Bonitz, architect
    Dates:

    1910-1911

    Location:
    Greensboro, Guilford County
    Street Address:

    307 Ashe St., Greensboro, NC

    Status:

    No longer standing

    Type:

    Religious

    Images Published In:

    Gayle Hicks Fripp, Greensboro, Vol. II: Neighborhoods (1998).


  • Garrell Building

    Contributors:
    Henry E. Bonitz, architect; Ed Teisser, superintendent for Central Carolina Construction Greensboro
    Dates:

    1906

    Location:
    Wilmington, New Hanover County
    Street Address:

    126-130 Princess St., Wilmington, NC

    Status:

    No longer standing

    Type:

    Commercial

    Images Published In:

    Historic Wilmington Foundation, http://www.historicwilmington.org.


  • George Gaylord Building

    Contributors:
    Henry E. Bonitz, architect
    Dates:

    1900

    Location:
    Wilmington, New Hanover County
    Street Address:

    212 N Front St., Wilmington, NC

    Status:

    Standing

    Type:

    Commercial

    Images Published In:

    Historic Wilmington Foundation, http://www.historicwilmington.org.


  • George R. French and Sons Store

    Contributors:
    Henry E. Bonitz, architect
    Dates:

    1899; 1906 [remodeled]

    Location:
    Wilmington, New Hanover County
    Street Address:

    SE corner Front St. and Princess St., Wilmington, NC

    Status:

    No longer standing

    Type:

    Commercial


  • Germania Hall

    Contributors:
    Henry E. Bonitz, architect
    Dates:

    1909-1910

    Location:
    Wilmington, New Hanover County
    Street Address:

    28 S. Front St., Wilmington, NC

    Status:

    No longer standing

    Type:

    Fraternal


  • Grand Theater

    Contributors:
    Henry E. Bonitz, architect
    Dates:

    1878 [MacRae Iron Front Building]; 1913 [Grand Theater]

    Location:
    Wilmington, New Hanover County
    Street Address:

    25 N. Front St., Wilmington, NC

    Status:

    No longer standing

    Type:

    Commercial

    Note:

    The theater installed by Bonitz inside the MacRae Iron Front Building (built in 1878) has been removed from the building.


  • Greenville High School

    Contributors:
    Henry E. Bonitz, architect
    Dates:

    1915

    Location:
    Greenville, Pitt County
    Street Address:

    Reade St. between 4th St. and 5th St., Greenville, NC

    Status:

    No longer standing

    Type:

    Educational

    Images Published In:

    Michael Cotter, ed., The Architectural Heritage of Greenville, North Carolina (1988).


  • H.L. Vollers Warehouse

    Contributors:
    Henry E. Bonitz, architect
    Dates:

    1896

    Location:
    Wilmington, New Hanover County
    Street Address:

    400 block Nutt St., Wilmington, NC

    Status:

    No longer standing

    Type:

    Commercial


  • Hankins-Bannerman House

    Contributors:
    Henry E. Bonitz, architect
    Dates:

    1898

    Location:
    Wilmington, New Hanover County
    Street Address:

    314 Ann St., Wilmington, NC

    Status:

    Standing

    Type:

    Residential

    Images Published In:

    Historic Wilmington Foundation, http://www.historicwilmington.org.


  • Hanover Seaside Club

    Contributors:
    Henry E. Bonitz, architect
    Dates:

    1906

    Location:
    Wrightsville Beach, New Hanover County
    Street Address:

    601 S. Lumina Ave., Wrightsville Beach, NC

    Status:

    No longer standing

    Type:

    Recreational

    Images Published In:

    Susan Taylor Block, Cape Fear Lost (1999).


  • Hanover Seaside Club

    Contributors:
    Henry E. Bonitz, architect
    Dates:

    1898

    Location:
    Carolina Beach, New Hanover County
    Street Address:

    Carolina Beach Ave., North, between 4th Ave. and 5th Ave., Carolina Beach, NC

    Status:

    No longer standing

    Type:

    Recreational

    Images Published In:

    Susan Taylor Block, Cape Fear Lost (1999).


  • Hanson Flats

    Contributors:
    Henry E. Bonitz, architect
    Dates:

    1915

    Location:
    Wilmington, New Hanover County
    Street Address:

    E. side, 400 block N. Front St., Wilmington, NC

    Status:

    No longer standing

    Type:

    Residential

    Note:

    These row houses designed by Bonitz were later converted to four stores.


  • Harbor Island Auditorium

    Contributors:
    Henry E. Bonitz, architect
    Dates:

    1916

    Location:
    Wrightsville Beach, New Hanover County
    Street Address:

    Causeway Dr. at Live Oak Dr., Wrightsville Beach, NC

    Status:

    No longer standing

    Type:

    Public

    Images Published In:

    Susan Taylor Block, Cape Fear Lost (1999).


  • Hardins Palace Pharmacy

    Contributors:
    Henry E. Bonitz, architect
    Dates:

    1896

    Location:
    Wilmington, New Hanover County
    Street Address:

    128 S. Front St., Wilmington, NC

    Status:

    Standing

    Type:

    Commercial

    Images Published In:

    Tony P. Wrenn, Wilmington, North Carolina: An Architectural and Historical Portrait (1984).


  • Harper-Newbold House

    Contributors:
    Henry E. Bonitz, architect
    Dates:

    1905

    Location:
    Wilmington, New Hanover County
    Street Address:

    5 Church St., Wilmington, NC

    Status:

    Standing

    Type:

    Residential

    Images Published In:

    Historic Wilmington Foundation, http://www.historicwilmington.org.


  • Harriss House

    Contributors:
    Henry E. Bonitz, architect
    Dates:

    Ca. 1902

    Location:
    Wilmington, New Hanover County
    Street Address:

    609 Dock St., Wilmington, NC

    Status:

    Standing

    Type:

    Residential

    Images Published In:

    Historic Wilmington Foundation, http://www.historicwilmington.org.


  • Henry E. Bonitz House

    Contributors:
    Henry E. Bonitz, architect
    Dates:

    1899

    Location:
    Wilmington, New Hanover County
    Street Address:

    711 Princess St., Wilmington, NC

    Status:

    No longer standing

    Type:

    Residential


  • Henry E. Bonitz Office

    Contributors:
    Henry E. Bonitz, architect; Thad F. Tyler, builder
    Dates:

    1906

    Location:
    Wilmington, New Hanover County
    Street Address:

    211-215 Princess St., Wilmington, NC

    Status:

    Standing

    Type:

    Commercial

    Images Published In:

    Tony P. Wrenn, Wilmington, North Carolina: An Architectural and Historical Portrait (1984).

    Note:

    The neoclassically detailed façade is emblazoned “Henry E. Bonitz/Architect” in the frieze, and features the dates 1894 and 1906, plus architectural instruments in low relief.


  • Henry T. Duls House

    Contributors:
    Henry E. Bonitz, architect
    Dates:

    1897

    Location:
    Wilmington, New Hanover County
    Street Address:

    19 N. 7th St., Wilmington, NC

    Status:

    No longer standing

    Type:

    Residential

    Images Published In:

    Historic Wilmington Foundation, http://www.historicwilmington.org.


  • Holly Grove Lutheran Church

    Contributors:
    Henry E. Bonitz, architect
    Dates:

    1914

    Location:
    Lexington, Davidson County
    Street Address:

    212 Holly Grove Lutheran Church Rd., Lexington, NC

    Status:

    Standing

    Type:

    Religious

    Images Published In:

    Paul Baker Touart, Building the Backcountry: An Architectural History of Davidson County, North Carolina (1987).


  • Holmes Grocery

    Contributors:
    Henry E. Bonitz, architect; D.C. Lemoyne, contractor
    Dates:

    1902

    Location:
    Wilmington, New Hanover County
    Street Address:

    6 N. Front St., Wilmington, NC

    Status:

    No longer standing

    Type:

    Commercial


  • Holy Trinity Evangelical Lutheran Church

    Contributors:
    Henry E. Bonitz, architect
    Dates:

    1914

    Location:
    Raleigh, Wake County
    Street Address:

    NE corner Hillsborough St. at Boylan Ave., Raleigh, NC

    Status:

    No longer standing

    Type:

    Religious

    Note:

    According to church archivist Kenneth Marks, the architect was H. E. Bonitz of Wilmington, and construction began in April, 1914. The congregation was officially established in 1912. The members held services in the Briggs Hardware Building until the new church was constructed at Boylan and Hillsborough streets. The first service in the new building was held May 9, 1915. The congregation moved to a new location on Clark Ave. in the mid-1950s, and the old church was torn down.


  • Hospital

    Contributors:
    Henry E. Bonitz, architect
    Dates:

    1909-1912

    Location:
    Goldsboro, Wayne County
    Street Address:

    SW corner of Herman St. and Simmons St., Goldsboro, NC

    Status:

    Unknown

    Type:

    Health Care


  • House

    Contributors:
    Henry E. Bonitz, architect
    Dates:

    1899

    Location:
    Wilmington, New Hanover County
    Street Address:

    100 block Ann St., Wilmington, NC

    Status:

    No longer standing

    Type:

    Residential


  • House

    Contributors:
    Henry E. Bonitz, attributed architect
    Dates:

    Ca. 1900

    Location:
    Wilmington, New Hanover County
    Street Address:

    401 Dock St., Wilmington, NC

    Status:

    Standing

    Type:

    Residential

    Images Published In:

    Historic Wilmington Foundation, http://www.historicwilmington.org.


  • House

    Contributors:
    Henry E. Bonitz, architect; T.S. Presson, contractor
    Dates:

    1900

    Location:
    Wilmington, New Hanover County
    Street Address:

    501 Ann St., Wilmington, NC

    Status:

    Standing

    Type:

    Residential

    Images Published In:

    Historic Wilmington Foundation, http://www.historicwilmington.org.

    Note:

    This house is a mirror image of the Olivia Quince House, 221 S. 5th St.


  • Houses

    Contributors:
    Henry E. Bonitz, architect; Vance Norwood, builder
    Dates:

    1897

    Location:
    Wilmington, New Hanover County
    Street Address:

    314 and 316 Red Cross St., Wilmington, NC

    Status:

    Standing

    Type:

    Residential


  • Howard Relief Society Club House

    Contributors:
    Henry E. Bonitz, architect
    Dates:

    1903

    Location:
    Wilmington, New Hanover County
    Street Address:

    NE corner Front St. and Orange St., Wilmington, NC

    Status:

    No longer standing

    Type:

    Recreational


  • I. M. Bear Store

    Contributors:
    Henry E. Bonitz, architect; Zachary and Zachary, builders
    Dates:

    1900

    Location:
    Wilmington, New Hanover County
    Street Address:

    Front St. and Mulberry (now Grace) St., Wilmington, NC

    Status:

    Standing

    Type:

    Commercial


  • Infirmary

    Contributors:
    Henry E. Bonitz, architect
    Dates:

    1897

    Location:
    Raleigh, Wake County
    Street Address:

    North Carolina State University Campus, Raleigh, NC

    Status:

    Altered

    Type:

    Health Care

    Images Published In:

    Burton F. Beers and Murray Scott Downs, North Carolina State University: A Pictorial History (1986).

    Note:

    The old infirmary building was drastically remodeled into the Alumni Center, now called Winslow Hall. The main front is of mid-20th century Colonial Revival style, but the back section is still recognizable from the original period of construction.


  • J. Marshall House

    Contributors:
    Henry E. Bonitz, architect
    Dates:

    1895

    Location:
    Wilmington, New Hanover County
    Street Address:

    909 Market St., Wilmington, NC

    Status:

    No longer standing

    Type:

    Residential


  • J.G. McMillan House

    Contributors:
    Henry E. Bonitz, architect
    Dates:

    1902

    Location:
    Wilmington, New Hanover County
    Street Address:

    501 S. Front St., Wilmington, NC

    Status:

    Standing

    Type:

    Residential

    Images Published In:

    Historic Wilmington Foundation, http://www.historicwilmington.org.


  • J.H. Dreher House

    Contributors:
    Henry E. Bonitz, architect; L.H. Vollers, contractor
    Dates:

    1899

    Location:
    Wilmington, New Hanover County
    Street Address:

    807 Princess St., Wilmington, NC

    Status:

    No longer standing

    Type:

    Residential


  • J.H. Rehder House

    Contributors:
    Henry E. Bonitz, architect
    Dates:

    1898

    Location:
    Wilmington, New Hanover County
    Street Address:

    NE corner 8th St. and Market St., Wilmington, NC

    Status:

    No longer standing

    Type:

    Residential

    Images Published In:

    Susan Taylor Block, Cape Fear Lost (1999).


  • J.H. Rehder Store

    Contributors:
    Henry E. Bonitz, architect
    Dates:

    1898 [remodeled]

    Location:
    Wilmington, New Hanover County
    Street Address:

    617 N. 4th St., Wilmington, NC

    Status:

    No longer standing

    Type:

    Commercial

    Images Published In:

    Susan Taylor Block, Cape Fear Lost (1999).


  • J.H. Strauss Store

    Contributors:
    Henry E. Bonitz, architect
    Dates:

    1914

    Location:
    Wilmington, New Hanover County
    Street Address:

    701-705 N. 4th St., Wilmington, NC

    Status:

    Standing

    Type:

    Commercial

    Images Published In:

    Historic Wilmington Foundation, http://www.historicwilmington.org.


  • J.R. Maxwell Drug Store

    Contributors:
    Henry E. Bonitz, architect
    Dates:

    1907

    Location:
    Whiteville, Columbus County
    Street Address:

    105 Court Sq., Whiteville, NC

    Status:

    Standing

    Type:

    Commercial


  • J.W. Murchison and Co.

    Contributors:
    Henry E. Bonitz, architect; Joseph Schad, contractor
    Dates:

    1911

    Location:
    Wilmington, New Hanover County
    Street Address:

    SE corner, Water St. and Chestnut St., Wilmington, NC

    Status:

    No longer standing

    Type:

    Commercial

    Images Published In:

    Susan Taylor Block, Cape Fear Lost (1999).

    Note:

    The building by Bontiz and Schad was described and illustrated with a drawing in the Wilmington Morning Star of October 15, 1911.


  • J.W. Murchison and Co. Hardware

    Contributors:
    Henry E. Bonitz, architect
    Dates:

    1911-1912

    Location:
    Wilmington, New Hanover County
    Street Address:

    109-111 N. Front St., Wilmington, NC

    Status:

    No longer standing

    Type:

    Commercial


  • Jacksonville Masonic Temple

    Contributors:
    Henry E. Bonitz, architect
    Dates:

    1919

    Location:
    Jacksonville, Onslow County
    Street Address:

    216 Old Bridge St., Jacksonville, NC

    Status:

    Standing

    Type:

    Fraternal

    Images Published In:

    J. Daniel Pezzoni, The Architectural History of Onslow County (1998).


  • Jacob Weil House

    Contributors:
    Henry E. Bonitz, architect
    Dates:

    1895-1896

    Location:
    Wilmington, New Hanover County
    Street Address:

    21 S 6th St., Wilmington, NC

    Status:

    Standing

    Type:

    Commercial

    Images Published In:

    Tony P. Wrenn, Wilmington, North Carolina: An Architectural and Historical Portrait (1984).


  • James M. Hall House

    Contributors:
    Henry E. Bonitz, architect
    Dates:

    1898-1899

    Location:
    Wilmington, New Hanover County
    Street Address:

    214 S. 2nd St., Wilmington, NC

    Status:

    Standing

    Type:

    Residential

    Images Published In:

    Historic Wilmington Foundation, http://www.historicwilmington.org.


  • John C. Boesch House

    Contributors:
    Henry E. Bonitz, architect; Rogers and Thomas, builders
    Dates:

    1899

    Location:
    Wilmington, New Hanover County
    Street Address:

    809 Princess St., Wilmington, NC

    Status:

    No longer standing

    Type:

    Residential


  • John D. Bellamy Building

    Contributors:
    Henry E. Bonitz, architect; Robert H. Brady, builder
    Dates:

    1911

    Location:
    Wilmington, New Hanover County
    Street Address:

    l09 S. Front St., Wilmington, NC

    Status:

    Standing

    Type:

    Commercial

    Images Published In:

    Historic Wilmington Foundation, http://www.historicwilmington.org.


  • John Haughton James House

    Contributors:
    Henry E. Bonitz, architect; Underwood, contractor
    Dates:

    1920

    Location:
    Wilmington, New Hanover County
    Street Address:

    1509 Market St., Wilmington, NC

    Status:

    Standing

    Type:

    Residential

    Note:

    For this house, Bonitz adjusted pattern book plans to suit the client.


  • John McLaurin House

    Contributors:
    Henry E. Bonitz, architect
    Dates:

    1899

    Location:
    Wilmington, New Hanover County
    Street Address:

    609 S 6th St., Wilmington, NC

    Status:

    No longer standing

    Type:

    Residential


  • Kimball Memorial Lutheran Church

    Contributors:
    Henry E. Bonitz, architect
    Dates:

    1916

    Location:
    Kannapolis, Cabarrus County
    Street Address:

    558 S. Main St, Kannapolis, NC

    Status:

    No longer standing

    Type:

    Religious


  • L.C. Walsh House

    Contributors:
    Henry E. Bonitz, architect
    Dates:

    1917

    Location:
    Wilmington, New Hanover County
    Street Address:

    4008 Peachtree St., Wilmington, NC

    Status:

    Standing

    Type:

    Residential

    Images Published In:

    Historic Wilmington Foundation, http://www.historicwilmington.org.


  • L.H. Vollers Houses

    Contributors:
    Henry E. Bonitz, attributed architect
    Dates:

    1896

    Location:
    Wilmington, New Hanover County
    Street Address:

    100-104 S. 4th St., Wilmington, NC

    Status:

    Standing

    Type:

    Residential

    Images Published In:

    Historic Wilmington Foundation, http://www.historicwilmington.org.


  • Lee Hotel and Furniture Store

    Contributors:
    Henry E. Bonitz, architect
    Dates:

    1901

    Location:
    Laurinburg, Scotland County
    Street Address:

    502 Main St., Laurinburg, NC

    Status:

    Unknown

    Type:

    Commercial


  • Leonidas B. Sasser's Drug Store

    Contributors:
    Henry E. Bonitz, architect
    Dates:

    1907

    Location:
    Wilmington, New Hanover County
    Street Address:

    802 Market St., Wilmington, NC

    Status:

    No longer standing

    Type:

    Commercial


  • Lillington Baptist Church

    Contributors:
    Henry E. Bonitz, architect
    Dates:

    1909

    Location:
    Lillington, Harnett County
    Street Address:

    210 W. Lofton St., Lillington, NC

    Status:

    Standing

    Type:

    Religious

    Note:

    The brick church formerly had a bell tower.


  • Littleton Baptist Church

    Contributors:
    Henry E. Bonitz, architect
    Dates:

    1909

    Location:
    Littleton, Warren County
    Street Address:

    108 Mosby Ave., Littleton, NC

    Status:

    Standing

    Type:

    Religious


  • Lumina Pavilion

    Contributors:
    Henry E. Bonitz, architect
    Dates:

    1905

    Location:
    Wrightsville Beach, New Hanover County
    Street Address:

    Station 7, Wrightsville Beach, NC

    Status:

    No longer standing

    Type:

    Recreational

    Images Published In:

    Catherine W. Bishir and Michael T. Southern, A Guide to the Historic Architecture of Eastern North Carolina (1996).
    Susan Taylor Block, Cape Fear Lost (1999).

    Note:

    Built for Tidewater Light and Power Company, Lumina Pavilion was a beloved and spectacular landmark of North Carolina’s beach culture of the early to mid 19th century.


  • M.A. McDougald Furniture Store

    Contributors:
    Henry E. Bonitz, architect
    Dates:

    1901

    Location:
    Laurinburg, Scotland County
    Street Address:

    S. Main St., Laurinburg, NC

    Status:

    Unknown

    Type:

    Commercial


  • M.A. Whitehead and Son Houses

    Contributors:
    Henry E. Bonitz, architect
    Dates:

    1896

    Location:
    Wilmington, New Hanover County
    Street Address:

    S. 5th St. at Ann St., Wilmington, NC

    Status:

    Standing

    Type:

    Residential


  • Major D. O'Connor House

    Contributors:
    Henry E. Bonitz, architect
    Dates:

    1902

    Location:
    Wilmington, New Hanover County
    Street Address:

    11 S. 5th St., Wilmington, NC

    Status:

    Standing

    Type:

    Residential


  • Martha D. Munds House

    Contributors:
    Henry E. Bonitz, architect
    Dates:

    1898

    Location:
    Wilmington, New Hanover County
    Street Address:

    316 Ann St., Wilmington, NC

    Status:

    Standing

    Type:

    Residential

    Images Published In:

    Historic Wilmington Foundation, http://www.historicwilmington.org.


  • Masonic Temple

    Contributors:
    Henry E. Bonitz, architect
    Dates:

    1905

    Location:
    Goldsboro, Wayne County
    Street Address:

    Goldsboro, NC

    Status:

    Unknown

    Type:

    Fraternal


  • Meina Ulrich House

    Contributors:
    Henry E. Bonitz, architect; Rogers and Thomas, contractors
    Dates:

    1900

    Location:
    Wilmington, New Hanover County
    Street Address:

    SW corner Front St. and Church St., Wilmington, NC

    Status:

    No longer standing

    Type:

    Residential


  • Monroe and Company Furniture Store

    Contributors:
    Henry E. Bonitz, architect
    Dates:

    1906

    Location:
    Wilmington, New Hanover County
    Street Address:

    15-17 S. Front St., Wilmington, NC

    Status:

    No longer standing

    Type:

    Commercial


  • Mount Olive First United Methodist Church

    Contributors:
    Henry E. Bonitz, architect
    Dates:

    1911-1913

    Location:
    Mount Olive, Wayne County
    Street Address:

    120 E. James St., Mount Olive, NC

    Status:

    Standing

    Type:

    Religious

    Images Published In:

    J. Daniel Pezzoni and Penne Smith, Glimpses of Wayne County, North Carolina: An Architectural History (1998).


  • Mount Olive Presbyterian Church

    Contributors:
    Henry E. Bonitz, architect
    Dates:

    1913

    Location:
    Mount Olive, Wayne County
    Street Address:

    1905 N. Breazeale Ave., Mount Olive, NC

    Status:

    Standing

    Type:

    Religious

    Images Published In:

    J. Daniel Pezzoni and Penne Smith, Glimpses of Wayne County, North Carolina: An Architectural History (1998).


  • Mrs. A. Steinken House

    Contributors:
    Henry E. Bonitz, architect
    Dates:

    1896

    Location:
    Wilmington, New Hanover County
    Street Address:

    1206 N. 4th St., Wilmington, NC

    Status:

    No longer standing

    Type:

    Residential


  • Mrs. G. W. Webb House

    Contributors:
    Henry E. Bonitz, architect
    Dates:

    1907

    Location:
    Wilmington, New Hanover County
    Street Address:

    312 Dock St., Wilmington, NC

    Status:

    Standing

    Type:

    Residential

    Images Published In:

    Historic Wilmington Foundation, http://www.historicwilmington.org.


  • Mrs. L.H. Vollers House

    Contributors:
    Henry E. Bonitz, architect
    Dates:

    1904

    Location:
    Wilmington, New Hanover County
    Street Address:

    719 Market St., Wilmington, NC

    Status:

    No longer standing

    Type:

    Residential


  • Mrs. Latta's House

    Contributors:
    Henry E. Bonitz, architect
    Dates:

    1898

    Location:
    Wilmington, New Hanover County
    Street Address:

    Mulberry (Grace) St. between Front St. and 2nd St., Wilmington, NC

    Status:

    No longer standing

    Type:

    Residential


  • Mrs. Lena Wessell's Stores

    Contributors:
    Henry E. Bonitz, architect; David Hanna, contractor
    Dates:

    1906

    Location:
    Wilmington, New Hanover County
    Street Address:

    SW corner 2nd St. and Market St., Wilmington, NC

    Status:

    No longer standing

    Type:

    Commercial


  • Munson and Company Store

    Contributors:
    Henry E. Bonitz, architect; Zachary and Zachary, contractors
    Dates:

    1900 [remodeled]

    Location:
    Wilmington, New Hanover County
    Street Address:

    32 N. Front St., Wilmington, NC

    Status:

    No longer standing

    Type:

    Commercial


  • New Hanover County Courthouse

    Contributors:
    Henry E. Bonitz, architect (1901); Alfred S. Eichberg, architect (1891-1893); James F. Post, supervising architect (1891-1893); Valentine-Brown and Co., contractors (1891-1893)
    Dates:

    1891-1893; 1901 [alterations]

    Location:
    Wilmington, New Hanover County
    Street Address:

    N. 3rd St. at Princess St., SE corner, Wilmington, NC

    Status:

    Standing

    Type:

    Public

    Images Published In:

    Catherine W. Bishir, North Carolina Architecture (1990).
    Catherine W. Bishir and Michael T. Southern, A Guide to the Historic Architecture of Eastern North Carolina (1996).
    Tony P. Wrenn, Wilmington, North Carolina: An Architectural and Historical Portrait (1984).

    Note:

    The postcard view shows the City Hall-Thalian Hall on the left and the New Hanover County Courthouse on the right. James F. Post was involved in building both of them. Henry E. Bonitz made major alterations to the Superior Court Room of the New Hanover County Courthouse.


  • New Way Market

    Contributors:
    Henry E. Bonitz, architect
    Dates:

    1918

    Location:
    Wilmington, New Hanover County
    Street Address:

    Wilmington, NC

    Status:

    Unknown

    Type:

    Commercial


  • North Carolina Military Academy Building

    Contributors:
    Henry E. Bonitz, architect
    Dates:

    1907

    Location:
    Red Springs, Robeson County
    Street Address:

    Red Springs, NC

    Status:

    No longer standing

    Type:

    Educational


  • North State Candy and E. L. Matthews Candy Companies Building

    Contributors:
    Henry E. Bonitz, architect
    Dates:

    1912

    Location:
    Wilmington, New Hanover County
    Street Address:

    N. Front St. at Hanover St., Wilmington, NC

    Status:

    No longer standing

    Type:

    Commercial


  • Northrop-Graham House

    Contributors:
    Henry E. Bonitz, architect
    Dates:

    1912

    Location:
    Wilmington, New Hanover County
    Street Address:

    108 S. 5th St., Wilmington, NC

    Status:

    Standing

    Type:

    Residential

    Images Published In:

    Historic Wilmington Foundation, http://www.historicwilmington.org.


  • Ocean View Hotel

    Contributors:
    Henry E. Bonitz, architect
    Dates:

    1899

    Location:
    Wrightsville Beach, New Hanover County
    Street Address:

    Wrightsville Beach, NC

    Status:

    No longer standing

    Type:

    Commercial

    Note:

    Built for Seacoast Rail Road.


  • Oddfellows Building

    Contributors:
    Henry E. Bonitz, architect; Porter and Godwin, contractors
    Dates:

    1906

    Location:
    Goldsboro, Wayne County
    Street Address:

    111-115 N. John St., Goldsboro, NC

    Status:

    Standing

    Type:

    Fraternal

    Note:

    The eclectic brick building features foliated columns at the corner entrance.


  • Olivia Quince House

    Contributors:
    Henry E. Bonitz, architect; T.S. Presson, contractor
    Dates:

    1900

    Location:
    Wilmington, New Hanover County
    Street Address:

    221 S 5th St., Wilmington, NC

    Status:

    Standing

    Type:

    Residential

    Images Published In:

    Historic Wilmington Foundation, http://www.historicwilmington.org.


  • Oscar High Building

    Contributors:
    Henry E. Bonitz, architect
    Dates:

    1907

    Location:
    Whiteville, Columbus County
    Street Address:

    103 Court Sq. Whiteville, NC

    Status:

    Standing

    Type:

    Commercial


  • P.H. Walsh House

    Contributors:
    Henry E. Bonitz, architect
    Dates:

    1917

    Location:
    Wilmington, New Hanover County
    Street Address:

    4117 Cherry Ave., Wilmington, NC

    Status:

    Standing

    Type:

    Residential

    Images Published In:

    Historic Wilmington Foundation, http://www.historicwilmington.org.


  • Peterson and Rulfs Shoe Store

    Contributors:
    Henry E. Bonitz, architect
    Dates:

    1902

    Location:
    Wilmington, New Hanover County
    Street Address:

    7 N. Front St., Wilmington, NC

    Status:

    Standing

    Type:

    Commercial

    Images Published In:

    Historic Wilmington Foundation, http://www.historicwilmington.org.


  • Pythian Castle Hall

    Contributors:
    Henry E. Bonitz, architect
    Dates:

    1915

    Location:
    Wilmington, New Hanover County
    Street Address:

    206-208 Princess St., Wilmington, NC

    Status:

    Standing

    Type:

    Fraternal

    Images Published In:

    Historic Wilmington Foundation, http://www.historicwilmington.org.


  • R.F. Warren House

    Contributors:
    Henry E. Bonitz, architect
    Dates:

    1898

    Location:
    Wilmington, New Hanover County
    Street Address:

    511 Chestnut St., Wilmington, NC

    Status:

    No longer standing

    Type:

    Residential


  • R.F. Warren Store

    Contributors:
    Henry E. Bonitz, architect
    Dates:

    1907-1908

    Location:
    Wilmington, New Hanover County
    Street Address:

    7 S. 2nd St., Wilmington, NC

    Status:

    No longer standing

    Type:

    Commercial


  • R.H. Pickett House

    Contributors:
    Henry E. Bonitz, architect
    Dates:

    1897

    Location:
    Wilmington, New Hanover County
    Street Address:

    908 Market St., Wilmington, NC

    Status:

    No longer standing

    Type:

    Residential


  • Raeford High School

    Contributors:
    Henry E. Bonitz, architect
    Dates:

    1917

    Location:
    Raeford, Hoke County
    Street Address:

    SW corner Stewart St. and Donaldson St., Raeford, NC

    Status:

    No longer standing

    Type:

    Educational


  • Reigel Sack Warehouse

    Contributors:
    Henry E. Bonitz, architect
    Dates:

    1920

    Location:
    Wilmington, New Hanover County
    Street Address:

    3rd St. and Kidder St., Wilmington, NC

    Status:

    No longer standing

    Type:

    Commercial


  • S. Behrend's Store

    Contributors:
    Henry E. Bonitz, architect
    Dates:

    1897

    Location:
    Wilmington, New Hanover County
    Street Address:

    16 S. Front St., Wilmington, NC

    Status:

    No longer standing

    Type:

    Commercial


  • S. and B. Solomon Building

    Contributors:
    Henry E. Bonitz, architect
    Dates:

    1900

    Location:
    Wilmington, New Hanover County
    Street Address:

    9 S. Front St., Wilmington, NC

    Status:

    Standing

    Type:

    Commercial

    Images Published In:

    Historic Wilmington Foundation, http://www.historicwilmington.org.


  • S. and B. Solomon Building

    Contributors:
    Henry E. Bonitz, architect; Zachary and Zachary, contractors
    Dates:

    1897

    Location:
    Wilmington, New Hanover County
    Street Address:

    1 S Front St., Wilmington, NC

    Status:

    Standing

    Type:

    Commercial


  • Sam Bear and Sons, Wholesale Grocers

    Contributors:
    Henry E. Bonitz, architect
    Dates:

    1915

    Location:
    Wilmington, New Hanover County
    Street Address:

    311 N. Front St., Wilmington, NC

    Status:

    Standing

    Type:

    Commercial

    Images Published In:

    Historic Wilmington Foundation, http://www.historicwilmington.org.


  • Sanford Graded School

    Contributors:
    Henry E. Bonitz, architect
    Dates:

    1905-1906

    Location:
    Sanford, Lee County
    Street Address:

    Carthage St. and Steele St., Sanford, NC

    Status:

    No longer standing

    Type:

    Educational

    Images Published In:

    Jimmy Haire and W.W. Seymour, Jr., Sanford and Lee County (2006).


  • Seashore Hotel

    Contributors:
    Henry E. Bonitz, architect (1897); David Hanna, contractor; Joseph F. Leitner, architect (1910)
    Dates:

    1897

    Location:
    Wrightsville Beach, New Hanover County
    Street Address:

    Station Three, 275 S. Lumina Ave., Wrightsville Beach, NC

    Status:

    No longer standing

    Type:

    Commercial

    Images Published In:

    Susan Taylor Block, Cape Fear Lost (1999).

    Note:

    The Manufacturers’ Record, Feb. 3, 1909, noted that Leitner was architect for an addition to the Seashore Hotel at Wrightsville Beach. The ocean front hotel, as noted by Susan Block, opened in 1898 and was expanded over the years. Renamed the Ocean Terrace Hotel in 1935, it suffered damage from Hurricane Hazel in 1954 and a year later was destroyed by fire. Its site is now occupied by the Blockade Runner hotel.


  • Sedgeley Hall Club House

    Contributors:
    Henry E. Bonitz, architect; Thad F. Tyler, contractor
    Dates:

    1898

    Location:
    Carolina Beach, New Hanover County
    Street Address:

    Carolina Beach, NC

    Status:

    No longer standing

    Type:

    Recreational

    Images Published In:

    Susan Taylor Block, Cape Fear Lost (1999).


  • Sloan-Powers House

    Contributors:
    Henry E. Bonitz, architect; Silva and Savage, builders
    Dates:

    1899

    Location:
    Wilmington, New Hanover County
    Street Address:

    216 S 2nd St., Wilmington, NC

    Status:

    Standing

    Type:

    Residential

    Images Published In:

    Historic Wilmington Foundation, http://www.historicwilmington.org.


  • Sol Bear House

    Contributors:
    Henry E. Bonitz, architect
    Dates:

    1896

    Location:
    Wrightsville Beach, New Hanover County
    Street Address:

    Wrightsville Beach, NC

    Status:

    No longer standing

    Type:

    Residential


  • Sol Bear and Company

    Contributors:
    Henry E. Bonitz, architect
    Dates:

    1908

    Location:
    Wilmington, New Hanover County
    Street Address:

    Front St. between Grace St. and Walnut St., Wilmington, NC

    Status:

    No longer standing

    Type:

    Commercial


  • Solomon Bear House

    Contributors:
    Henry E. Bonitz, architect; L.H. Vollers, builder
    Dates:

    1897

    Location:
    Wilmington, New Hanover County
    Street Address:

    116 N. 5th St., Wilmington, NC

    Status:

    No longer standing

    Type:

    Residential

    Images Published In:

    Susan Taylor Block, Cape Fear Lost (1999).


  • Sprunt Warehouse

    Contributors:
    Henry E. Bonitz, architect
    Dates:

    1898

    Location:
    Wilmington, New Hanover County
    Street Address:

    E. side Nutt St, between Walnut St. and Red Cross St., Wilmington, NC

    Status:

    No longer standing

    Type:

    Commercial


  • Sprunt and Son General Office Building

    Contributors:
    Henry E. Bonitz, architect
    Variant Name(s):

    L. Hansens Storess Stores

    Dates:

    1896

    Location:
    Wilmington, New Hanover County
    Street Address:

    400-402 N. Front St., Wilmington, NC

    Status:

    No longer standing

    Type:

    Commercial

    Images Published In:

    Susan Taylor Block, Cape Fear Lost (1999).


  • St. Mark's Lutheran Church

    Contributors:
    Henry E. Bonitz, architect
    Dates:

    1909

    Location:
    Mooresville, Iredell County
    Street Address:

    457 N. Main St., Mooresville, NC

    Status:

    No longer standing

    Type:

    Religious


  • St. Matthew's English Lutheran Church Parsonage

    Contributors:
    Henry E. Bonitz, architect
    Dates:

    1904

    Location:
    Wilmington, New Hanover County
    Street Address:

    4th St. near Hanover St., Wilmington, NC

    Status:

    No longer standing

    Type:

    Religious


  • St. Paul's Evangelical Lutheran Church

    Contributors:
    Henry E. Bonitz, architect (1907); James F. Post, architect (1859-1869); Joseph Schad, contractor (1907)
    Dates:

    1859-1869; 1907 [additions]

    Location:
    Wilmington, New Hanover County
    Street Address:

    603 Market St., Wilmington, NC

    Status:

    Standing

    Type:

    Religious

    Images Published In:

    Tony P. Wrenn, Wilmington, North Carolina: An Architectural and Historical Portrait (1984).

    Note:

    Bonitz, a member of the church, added the transept and chancel to the existing church.


  • St. Paul's Methodist Episcopal Church

    Contributors:
    Henry E. Bonitz, architect
    Dates:

    1905-1906

    Location:
    Maxton, Robeson County
    Street Address:

    W. Sanders at Florence St., Maxton, NC

    Status:

    Standing

    Type:

    Religious

    Images Published In:

    Catherine W. Bishir and Michael T. Southern, A Guide to the Historic Architecture of Eastern North Carolina (1996).


  • St. Stephen's Episcopal Church

    Contributors:
    Henry E. Bonitz, architect (1906); James Murray, bricklayer (1855-1857); Charles Palmer, builder (1855-1857); John W. Priest, architect (1855-1857); A. J. Riggs, carpenter (1855-1857)
    Dates:

    1855-1857; 1906 [extension]

    Location:
    Goldsboro, Wayne County
    Street Address:

    200 N. James St., Goldsboro, NC

    Status:

    Standing

    Type:

    Religious

    Note:

    The brick church as completed in 1857 features the narrow pointed-arched windows and exposed truss roof characteristic of the Gothic Revival and the architecturally defined chancel promoted for authentic liturgical practices by the Ecclesiological Society. Wilmington architect Bonitz designed the 1906 extension and the Parish House.


  • T. Donlon Houses

    Contributors:
    Henry E. Bonitz, architect
    Dates:

    1899

    Location:
    Wilmington, New Hanover County
    Street Address:

    SE corner 3rd St. and Chestnut St., Wilmington, NC

    Status:

    No longer standing

    Type:

    Residential


  • T.H. Wright Garage

    Contributors:
    Henry E. Bonitz, architect; K.W. Jewell, contractor
    Dates:

    1915

    Location:
    Wilmington, New Hanover County
    Street Address:

    14-16 Market St., Wilmington, NC

    Status:

    Standing

    Type:

    Commercial

    Images Published In:

    Historic Wilmington Foundation, http://www.historicwilmington.org.

    Note:

    The building has been rebuilt.


  • Thomas F. Bagley House

    Contributors:
    Henry E. Bonitz, architect; Russell and Silva, contractors
    Dates:

    1899

    Location:
    Wilmington, New Hanover County
    Street Address:

    109 Ann St., Wilmington, NC

    Status:

    No longer standing

    Type:

    Residential


  • Thompson Sanitarium

    Contributors:
    Henry E. Bonitz, architect
    Dates:

    1905

    Location:
    Lumberton, Robeson County
    Street Address:

    NW corner E 4th St. and Walnut St., Lumberton, NC

    Status:

    Standing

    Type:

    Health Care


  • Tide Water Power Company Passenger Station

    Contributors:
    Henry E. Bonitz, architect
    Dates:

    1915

    Location:
    Wrightsville Beach, New Hanover County
    Street Address:

    S. side, Causeway Dr., at Intracoastal Waterway, Wrightsville Beach, NC

    Status:

    No longer standing

    Type:

    Transportation

    Images Published In:

    Susan Taylor Block, Cape Fear Lost (1999).


  • Tobacco Warehouse

    Contributors:
    Henry E. Bonitz, architect
    Dates:

    1903

    Location:
    Wilmington, New Hanover County
    Street Address:

    Intersection of Wilmington and Weldon Railroad and Sea Coast Railroad, Wilmington, NC

    Status:

    No longer standing

    Type:

    Commercial


  • Universal Oil Mills Warehouse

    Contributors:
    Henry E. Bonitz, architect
    Dates:

    1906

    Location:
    Wilmington, New Hanover County
    Street Address:

    10th St. and Hall St., Wilmington, NC

    Status:

    No longer standing

    Type:

    Industrial


  • W.E. Worth and Co.

    Contributors:
    Henry E. Bonitz, architect
    Dates:

    1901

    Location:
    Wilmington, New Hanover County
    Street Address:

    N. 2nd St. at Campbell St., Wilmington, NC

    Status:

    No longer standing

    Type:

    Commercial

    Note:

    Bonitz supervised construction of this commercial building.


  • Walker Taylor House

    Contributors:
    Henry E. Bonitz, architect
    Dates:

    1899

    Location:
    Wilmington, New Hanover County
    Street Address:

    714 Market St., Wilmington, NC

    Status:

    Standing

    Type:

    Residential

    Images Published In:

    Historic Wilmington Foundation, http://www.historicwilmington.org.


  • Walter L. Parsley House Stable

    Contributors:
    Henry E. Bonitz, architect; N.W. Hansley, contractor; E.S. Wisharrt, contractor
    Dates:

    1906

    Location:
    Wilmington, New Hanover County
    Street Address:

    711 Market St., Wilmington, NC

    Status:

    No longer standing

    Type:

    Transportation

    Images Published In:

    Susan Taylor Block, Cape Fear Lost (1999).


  • Warehouse

    Contributors:
    Henry E. Bonitz, architect
    Variant Name(s):

    Iron-Clad

    Dates:

    1902

    Location:
    Wilmington, New Hanover County
    Street Address:

    W. side N. Water St. between Market St. and Princess St., Wilmington, NC

    Status:

    No longer standing

    Type:

    Commercial


  • Warehouse

    Contributors:
    Henry E. Bonitz, architect
    Dates:

    1902

    Location:
    Wilmington, New Hanover County
    Street Address:

    W. side 000 block Water St., Wilmington, NC

    Status:

    No longer standing

    Type:

    Commercial


  • Warren and Son Store

    Contributors:
    Henry E. Bonitz, architect
    Dates:

    1897 [remodeled]

    Location:
    Wilmington, New Hanover County
    Street Address:

    SW corner Front St. and Market St., Wilmington, NC

    Status:

    Standing

    Type:

    Commercial

    Images Published In:

    Susan Taylor Block, Cape Fear Lost (1999).


  • Willard Bag and Manufacturing Company

    Contributors:
    Henry E. Bonitz, architect; Robert H. Brady, builder
    Dates:

    1906

    Location:
    Wilmington, New Hanover County
    Street Address:

    3rd St. at Kidder St., Wilmington, NC

    Status:

    No longer standing

    Type:

    Industrial


  • Wilmington Municipal Building

    Contributors:
    Henry E. Bonitz, architect
    Dates:

    1909

    Location:
    Wilmington, New Hanover County
    Street Address:

    SW corner 4th St. and Princess St., Wilmington, NC

    Status:

    No longer standing

    Type:

    Public


  • Woolvin-Warren House

    Contributors:
    Henry E. Bonitz, architect
    Dates:

    1895

    Location:
    Wilmington, New Hanover County
    Street Address:

    512 Chestnut St., Wilmington, NC

    Status:

    Standing

    Type:

    Residential

    Images Published In:

    Historic Wilmington Foundation, http://www.historicwilmington.org.


  • Wrightsville Beach Cottages

    Contributors:
    Henry E. Bonitz, architect
    Dates:

    1896

    Location:
    Wrightsville Beach, New Hanover County
    Street Address:

    Wrightsville Beach, NC

    Status:

    No longer standing

    Type:

    Residential

    Images Published In:

    Edward F. Turberg, ed., Historic Architecture of New Hanover County, North Carolina (1986).


  • Wrightsville Beach and Suburban Development Company Cottages

    Contributors:
    Henry E. Bonitz, architect
    Dates:

    1907

    Location:
    Wilmington, New Hanover County
    Street Address:

    S. Lumina Ave., Wilmington, NC

    Status:

    No longer standing

    Type:

    Residential

    Images Published In:

    Edward F. Turberg, ed., Historic Architecture of New Hanover County, North Carolina (1986).


  • Wrightsville Methodist Episcopal Church

    Contributors:
    Henry E. Bonitz, architect
    Dates:

    1908

    Location:
    Wrightsville Beach, New Hanover County
    Street Address:

    S. side, Wrightsville Ave. near Airlie Rd., Wrightsville Beach, NC

    Status:

    No longer standing

    Type:

    Religious

    Note:

    This building was renamed Greenville Chapel when it was moved to Vann St. in 1921 for use by Seagate Methodist Church. The congregation moved to 5810 Oleander Dr. and built a new structure to house the Oleander United Methodist Church.


  • YMCA

    Contributors:
    Henry E. Bonitz, attributed architect
    Dates:

    1910-1913

    Location:
    Raleigh, Wake County
    Street Address:

    North Carolina State University Campus, Raleigh, NC

    Status:

    No longer standing

    Type:

    Educational
    Recreational

    Images Published In:

    Burton F. Beers and Murray Scott Downs, North Carolina State University: A Pictorial History (1986).


  • Z.W. Whitehead House

    Contributors:
    Henry E. Bonitz, architect; John C. Stout, contractor
    Dates:

    1899

    Location:
    Wilmington, New Hanover County
    Street Address:

    211 S 2nd St., Wilmington, NC

    Status:

    Standing

    Type:

    Residential

    Images Published In:

    Historic Wilmington Foundation, http://www.historicwilmington.org.


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